The Critique Of Plato And Plato's Criticism Of Democracy

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It has been more than a century now that people all around the world seek what they call democracy. Having coped with their oppressive regimes for so much time made them invocate their right to choose a person or a group of people to represent them and to be part of the decisions by those representatives. We can consider many definitions for democracy. Etymologically of course there is only one. It comes from the Greek word “demokratos”, “demos” meaning people, and “kratos” meaning the rule of power, the whole word would be referring to the people who rule or hold power. According to the Oxford Dictionary, the definition of democracy is “A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through…show more content…
However, the idea of democracy has been discussed by philosophers for so many decades now. This paper will be an attempt to critically evaluate Plato’s criticism of democracy.

Democracy is, according to Plato, one of the worst regimes, if not the worst itself. Many reasons can be considered as being behind this argument. One of them being the fact that democracy is incapable of bringing justice in the country. In order to understand this idea, we have to go back to the definition that Plato gives to the Man. He says that a Man can be separated into three parts: his needs, his heart or bravery, and his knowledge. Those three parts of the Man correspond to three classes in society.

The first are the peasants, artisans, traders who excel in the conduct of domestic life; in other words, the working class. The second are the warrior class, responsible for ensuring the defense and who want to distinguish themselves by their bravery. The latter are the knowledge holders, namely the philosophers. The just, for Plato, is the result of the harmony that is established in every Man between the three parts of the soul or that is established in each country between the various classes of citizens. But in democracy, harmony, by principle and by definition, is lacking because only the working class intends to govern, taking a total ascendancy over the other two. It is therefore essential to democracy that settles in the
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