After the attacks on September 11th, 2001 the United States was forced to reassess its policies over the defense of the country within its borders. Until that time the United States’ homeland security was under the jurisdiction of the Department of Justice (Masse, O’Neil, & Rollins, 2007). After the attack the Executive branch of the government created a new organization that would be responsible for deciding where the biggest threats to the country were. This was the birth of the Department of Homeland Security. The Department of Homeland Security is responsible for assessing all risk to the Nation within its borders and developing way to mitigate these threats before a disaster can take place. One of the documents that the Department of …show more content…
Security councils are designed so that a group of people that usually include city, county, or state offices can gather information and decide what and where the biggest threats to the jurisdictional area are. Some of the departments that would most likely be included in a council would be emergency services, the finance department for the area, and local leadership. These councils may also elect to work with private sector companies if the security review incorporates cyber security. I the case of the State of Oklahoma, two documents have been formed to attempt to identify hazards for their communities. The first is the Standard Hazard Mitigation Plan. This committee consists of members from the Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management, Oklahoma Climatological Survey, Conservation Commission, Department of Commerce, Department of Health, and many others (State of Oklahoma, 2014). This group of people developed this document that outlines every major environmental threat to the State. They even went as far as to set a level of prioritization that has a scale from 1 to 4. They rated the natural hazards in order to triage which events were most likely to happen and which ones would cause the biggest impact to the state. A lot of emphasis is placed on
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security was formed more than a decade ago with a very significant mission of safeguarding America's homeland from hazards, threats, and national disasters. This department conducts its mission through securing the country's borders, preventing terror attacks, and responding to incidents or threats to its citizens (Miller, n.d.). Generally, the most important roles of the Department of Homeland Security are to lead a concerted national effort in securing the United States and preserving the American way of life. The department was established in 2002 in reaction to the 9/11 terror attacks and has since developed a nationwide strategic plan for evaluating and updating its mission statement and effectiveness of operations. These plans can be updated and transformed to accomplish the needs of the Department for Homeland Security and the American people.
The creation of the Department of Homeland Security was a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. “The establishment of this organization provided this nation with a real opportunity for making vast improvements within our communities social and economic infrastructures to combat all threats, mainly terrorism” as stated by Bullock, (2013, P. 1). The 9/11 attacks exposed a
In response to what marked the United States forever, the September 11 attacks, the federal government procreated what is known as The Department of Homeland Security. The main responsibilities of the Department of Homeland Security consisted of having to protect the territory of the United States and protectorates from and responding to terrorist attacks, man-made accidents, and natural disasters. In another words, the existence of the Department of Homeland Security is to ensure a homeland that is safe, secure, and resilient against terrorism and other hazards. Though many different government agencies see and define Homeland Security accordingly to their protocol, the National Strategy for the Department of Homeland Security was able to
Later, the federal, state, and local government responses to disasters such as Hurricane Katrina expanded the concept of homeland security to include significant disasters, major public health emergencies, and other events that threaten the United States, its economy, the rule of law, and government operations (2). Homeland security is the combination of law enforcement, immigration, disaster relief, and terrorist activities within the United States’ borders. This would be based on the local agencies and civilian departments to safeguard the people from any threat within while being assisted by the government. In some aspects of terror attacks, there will be a combination of both homeland security and homeland defense. 9/11 is the perfect example as homeland security was responding to the local disasters and threats while the homeland defense, military, was deploying to get to the root of the threats. This is essential to the way homeland security operates because this will stop the attack on the nation’s soil before it reaches the borders and local government agencies are required. The biggest issue with the homeland security aspect is that the
Perl, R. (2017). The Department of Homeland Security: Background and Challenges. Retrieved from The National Academies Press: https://www.nap.edu/read/10968/chapter/24. The issue of the creation and impact of homeland security laws and presidential directives and executive orders was bringing up the concern of the attacks in 2001. The president acted quickly to put in place and believed would address security issue on the home front.
The Homeland Security Division was formed in the wake of terrorist attacks and implemented by President Bush after the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States. This policy was formed to place a national policy into place for Federal departments and local agencies to identify and protect the United States from additional terrorist attacks. What many don’t know is that this plan defines orders and roles for local state and governmental agencies as well, in order to carry out the goal. I will explain how six sub-groups come together to form the Department of Homeland Security’s one enterprise operation.
The DHS continues to evolve in order to meet present and future challenges. The organization defines its current mission and goals while using current intelligence to forecast future threats. The DHS has identified areas in need of improvement in order to prepare for future threats. Citizens criticize policies in national security as infringing on civil liberties, and an ongoing debate ensues over the sacrifice of civil liberties in the name of national security. The DHS continues to evolve in analyzing future threats and identifying means for the organization to meet them.
Fifteen years after the 9/11 terrorist attacks there has been adjustments made since then when protecting the nation from threats that are unknown. In 2001, President Bush proposed a new department that will be in charge along with other government agencies to work together to make sure threats don’t get out of hand (Tom Ridge). This new department,The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), was created after the 9/11 terrorist attacks and their main job is to protect the people. In order to execute this goal the Department of Homeland Security must “secure the nation against terrorist attacks, to protect against and respond to threats” (Andrew). Eleven days after the 9/11 terrorist attacks Tom
After 9/11, the United States completely revamped its entire system of defense, policy prescription and stance with regards to terrorism; both foreign and domestic. The Department of Homeland Security was created, direct militaristic action was taken against these terrorists and domestic and foreign policy was changed in order to combat the new threat. While much of this “war on terror” was fought far away from U.S. soil, that did not stop these new policies from affecting the lives of U.S. citizens directly. The most noticeable, controversial and powerful of these policies was the U.S.A. PATRIOT Act (Breinholt, 23-25). While the PATRIOT Act has drawn the ire of many U.S. citizens due to its far reaching effects, lack of jurisdictional or
The terrorist attack on the United States on September 11th, 2001, exposed the country's preparedness to threats by an emerging threat of terrorism. The United States Department of Homeland Security was brought to life through the Homeland Security Act of 2002. Precisely, this was in response to the country's preparedness to stop such acts of terrorism on American soil. However, it was also mandated to response to such natural disasters such as hurricane as part of a wider responsibility to ensure people within the American borders were secured from all forms of danger (Kamien, 2006).
The United States has experienced threats against their borders, citizens and resources. After the terrorist attack of 9/11 some changes needed to be implemented to ensure the safety of America. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security has the responsibility to protect the Country’s borders as well as to prepare for and respond to disasters and terrorist events. The Department of Defense has the military responsibility to protect the Country abroad. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Department of Defense are America’s backbone to freedom.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S Department of State collect what is called administrative data on an annual basis. This data is obtained from applications that immigrants file with both these departments to be admitted on either a temporary or permanent visa status. In a sense, this data represents the “flow” of immigrants officially admitted into the United States. The Office of Immigrants Statistics (OIS) within the DHS compiles an annual yearbook of immigration statistics. The yearbook contains a collection of concise detailed informational data on foreign nationals who, during a fiscal year were granted lawful permanent residence, those that were admitted on a temporary basis, and those that have
The United States of America experienced one of the worst terrorist attacks in history whereby more than 3000 people lost their lives on September 11, 2001. In an effort to combat terrorism, President George W. Bush pushed for the enactment of the Homeland Security Act in 2002, which became effective on March 1, 2003. It involved reorganization of several United States’ government civil agencies, forming the United States Department of Homeland Security. The goal was not however to take care of terrorism but also included protection against other hazards, whether human-made or natural disasters ("9/11 Attacks - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com," n.d.). However, the reorganization has had an impact in the way criminal investigations are conducted, trammeling the liberties of Americans.
We can all recall September 11th of 2001; from the turmoil of that day, the Department of Homeland Security was created. We all wish it had been done sooner. Stemming from their integration into our system of national security, they have implemented laws and regulations on state and federal levels, and while some were massively unpopular amongst the citizens of whom is affected, we can look at something in perspective: there isn’t another terrorist attack in our recent history that stands out in our minds. Scan your memory; nothing quite so monumental has incurred since.
The 21st century has been full of responses to terrorism in the specificity of security measures. In November of 2002, fourteen months after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, The Department of Homeland Security was established as a response to the endangerment of the American people. According to RAND.org, a research corporation that strives to promote security and safety through their answers to public policies, in their book called “The