The Discovery Of Genetics And Inheritance Essay

1688 WordsNov 2, 20167 Pages
Abstract After the discovery of genetics and inheritance it was thought that the genes which were inherited from our parents were what we were so to speak stuck with. The chromosomes from each parent with all the great things they possess as well as any conditions or diseases they have can be inherited as well. Recently, however, researchers have realized this information to be completely inaccurate. There seems to be another key factor that exists and enables the expression of every gene within our body’s enabling cellular differentiation as well and altering the expression phenotypically in the organism. Epigenetics defined is referred to that which is above or surrounding the gene, better understanding has described this as a non-genetic related inheritance. Epigenetics uses a variety of mechanisms such as DNA methylation, non-coding RNAs, and histone modification all of which silence or express genes. Researchers now know also that environment is a key element in regulating these genetic expressions. Lifestyle, diet, habits, and experiences can become part of an organism’s genome altering inheritance into future generations. Epigenetics is a multiple-disciplinary field which is rapidly expanding, leading to a better understanding of inheritance. It is extremely useful for the betterment of mankind, lading to better treatments and prevention of disorders and conditions. The innate hope is that more we are able to understand the mechanisms surrounding our genes the more
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