Introduction Mental health is a major concern for the general population, but especially for university students (Reeves et al., 2011; Hunt and Eisenberg, 2010; Biddle and Asare, 2011). It is important to look at what causes mental health issues, such as psychological distress, and what can be done to help eliminate or treat them (Hunt and Eisenberg, 2010; Knowlden, Hackman, and Sharma, 2015; Biddle and Asare, 2011). One possible factor when looking at what could influence psychological distress is physical activity (Knowlden, Hackman, and Sharma, 2015). There have been countless studies on the role that exercise plays in mental (Knowlden, Hackman, and Sharma, 2015; Biddle and Asare, 2011; Mailey et al., 2012). Physical activity has been …show more content…
Most of the students were in their second year of study. The sample included 186 students, with approximately 60% female and 40% male. The mean age of the sample was 19.5 ± 1.54 years. The data was collected by means of a self-report survey. The professor of the KPE290 Research Design and Evaluation constructed a survey which incorporated many variables, including sex, age, physical activity levels, psychological distress, perceived stress levels, and self-esteem along with others. The students of the class were instructed to take some time to carefully fill in this self-reported survey online. The students were required to answer the questions as accurately as they could. It was also important to assure the students that their answers would be anonymous, especially due to the sensitive nature of some of the questions. This study focuses on physical activity levels and psychological distress. In order to measure physical activity levels, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used. This questionnaire is commonly used as a means of self-reporting physical activity levels (Craig et al., 2003; Bauman et al., 2011). In 2003, the IPAQ questionnaire was found to have acceptable reliability, as well as concurrent and criterion validity (Craig et al., 2003). The questions asked in the questionnaire inquire about time spent in low, moderate, and vigorous activity completed per week. The values obtained from these questions were
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Million of Americans go through the blues and sad moments from clinical depression each year. Most patients with depression first seek treatment from a therapist or a primary care provider. However, exercise is a developmental behavior intervention that has displayed strong promise in alleviating symptoms of depression. The objective is examine whether physical activity is associated with depression in an average size population based on gender and age. A total of 310 participates ( 123 Male and 184 females and 3 other ) of UO students and other random volunteered to participate. All participants age ranged from 14 to 99, had to completed two self- report questionnaires. Besides answering question on their exercise habits during the past week, also took into account that all participants also completed CES-D questionnaire that determine their depression levels. In the surveyed there was a lower level of depression with more frequent weekly exercise give it a negative correlation. Also with the duration question, showed a significant negative correlation with the levels of depression. The efficiency of exercise in reducing depression cannot be determined because of the small size of participates and the lack of excellent quality research on population with adequate follow up
While the research of Blumenthal et al. (2007) focused on exercise being effective in reducing self-reported depressive symptoms, Diaz and Motta (2008) and Motta, Kuligowski, and Marino (2010) looked at the positive effects of exercise on depression, anxiety and PTSD. The theory of exercise’s positive effect on mental health has heavily been focused on
Thesis: It’s hard being a student and working at the same time, and find energy for both. I will show you why starting an exercise program can boost your energy and your mental health.
An exercise intervention could be used especially because people who are depressed feel a sense of worthlessness (as in the definition of depression, DSM-V ) . A pilot study by Nadine McGale et al (2011) investigated the effectiveness of a team-based sport with an individual exercise and a control condition of young men. This study included a 10-week randomized control trial and an 8-week post intervention follow-up. A group of 104 sedentary males (exercise once or less per week) aged between 18 and 40 years were randomly assigned to the three groups namely the team-based sport, individual exercise and the control group (that received no intervention). The participants completed the Becks Depression Inventory- 2nd
Many mental disorders and diseases can be treated overtime or minimised through physical activity and exercise in studies confirmed by Norway scientists; highlighting that through a four-year study depression, anxiety cardiovascular diseases are decreased in adults that engage in regular exercise (Zshuckle, Gaudiltz and Ströhle, 2013). As research shows us, the relationship between PTSD and poor physical health is predominant in the case of fear; restricting the patient in partaking in physical
During childhood our body and mind changes very fast. I believe that nowadays parents focus more on the brain developement of their children than their physical activity. When I was a little girl - over 20 years ago - we spent most of our time outside playing, running and enjoying fresh air and being in movement. Physical activity of children can secure them health and well being in their adulthood as well as teach them a lot of very importants aspects like social relations and behaviors in different situations.
Since 1990s, many scientists agree that exercise has positive impacts on people’s physical health and mental health (SIME WE, 1987). From Morgan and O’Connor’s research, people can reduce stress and state anxiety by doing physical activities; also gain emotional pleasure from the process (Morgan and O’Connor, 1988). Later in 1997, Landers states that physical activities can reduce people depression after weeks of regular and routine exercise. In addition, people can benefit from more
In the book, Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and The Brain by Dr. John J. Ratey, MD (2008), Ratey discuses how exercise can help treat many mood disorders and how it can help strengthen our brains. This book is divided into ten chapters all with five to ten subsections in them. The chapters include: Welcome to the revolution: A Case Study on Exercise and the brain, Learning, Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Attention Deficit, Addiction, Hormonal Changers, Aging, and the Regimen.
Critically Analyse the Research Findings on the Acute and Chronic Effects of Exercise on Anxiety and Depression
A total of 74 students participated in our study. All of the students attended Lasell College, their ages range from 18-25, male and female. The study took no longer than 10 minutes.
General recommendations are now widely accepted as to the general advantages of exercise in terms of physical health, such as its ability to prevent weight gain, coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and osteoporosis.14 It appears that health promotion schemes have shied away from extolling exercise’s psychological benefits. After all, there is no government campaign, no public policy initiative, which pontificates exercise on account of a concern for mental wellbeing. Although many people would identify that exercise has a positive influence on mood state, it appears that, generally speaking, this is regarded as a positive correlation, rather than a causal relationship. The ‘healthy body, healthy mind’ concept is thus, for many, a heuristic utopia, rather than a scientifically proven
According to an article from BBC, people who are obese are two times as likely to die from a cardiovascular related disease than someone who is not. (citation) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2009 and 2010 showed that 1 in 3 adults in America are considered to be overweight. (citation) people are becoming obese because of Eating unhealthy and a lack of exercise can lead someone to being overweight. In the past it has been proven that exercise can helps someone lose unwanted weight or stop them from gaining weight in the first place. Being overweight is accompanied by health risks such as cancer, high blood pressure and, Gaul bladder diseases. Studies show that fitness has a direct impact on death in adults. People who exercise and eat healthy are less likely to die bellow the expected age of death in their country.
anxiety among students in order to enhance their academic performance. "Students who worked out at Purdue's gym at least once a week were more likely to earn a higher grade point average than students who visited less or not at all" (Neubert, 2013). I find this topic important because physical activity is necessary for overall public
There has always been a constant obsession with weight loss. Every one wants the perfect body and wants to achieve it the fastest way possible. But what is the best solution to accomplish or goal? Exercise is the main focus to everything; since the body is like a complex machine that needs to be treated to physical activity, so that the body does not run into health complications. The benefits of exercise can improve your mental health, heart and weight and of course give you a longer life.
The objective of this chapter is to describe the procedures used in the analysis of the data and present the main findings. It also presents the different tests performed to help choose the appropriate model for the study. The chapter concludes by providing thorough statistical interpretation of the findings.