Essay #1 The biggest turnaround in the history of America in the mid-eighteenth century was the end of French and Indian war in 1763. It was hard to fathom the kind of conflicts that British people could see between them and the colonies in North America. It is accurate to say that the seeds of animosity and rivalry as well as subjugation of American liberties and deprivation of their properties began as a result of this war. The French and the Indian war were also known as the Seven Year War in Europe. Brits were able to defeat their French allies but this win led to a high cost for the parent nation. According to sources, the national debt recorded by the British monetary unit in 1763 was approximately one hundred and twenty-two million …show more content…
As this move led to a large number of problems with the colonists, the Indian uprising in the Ohio frontier and the Pontiac’s rebellion which led to the proclamation of 1763 were the final nails in the coffin of the beginning of American torment. The proclamation of 1763 forbade any kind of colonial settlement to the west of Allegany Mountains and caused conflict between land hungry settlers and speculators like George Washington. While the British leaders tried to increase control over their empire, laws concerning imperial trade were on the books for many generations. American colonists had been known to evade any such regulation and even traded with the French. Britain was unfair in many trade policies and began to reform the imperial system. They enforced higher taxes and costs for their own defence from the American colonists. They created additional revenue by realizing stricter control in navigation and trade. The Sugar Act of 1764 passed by the parliament attempted to increase the revenue of the colonies by incurring a tax on molasses. While this tax was in the books since 1730, smuggling and laxity in enforcement couldn’t let the law win. As the tax was supposed to be enforced, it created a big outcry among those who were affected and therefore the American colonists created a large scale boycott of many British goods for the same reason. The parliament enacted stiff measures that were known as the Stamp Act and it increased tax on
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The Act of 1764, also known as The Sugar Act, lowered the taxes on molasses but also it had more ways to enforce the tax. In addition to the tax on molasses they taxed things such as silks, wines, and potash. The Americans were outraged with this new law. The colonists did whatever they could to ignore this new law. The British passed the Quartering Act which basically said that the American colonists have to house and feed British forces who were serving in North America. This inflamed the
In 1761 the British began to reinforce writs of assistance, laws that granted customs officials the authority to conduct random searches of property to seek out goods on which required duties had not been paid, not only in public establishments but in private homes. The next step was the Sugar Act of 1764, and it quickly became apparent that the purpose of the act was to extract revenue from America. The Molasses Act of 1733 had placed a tax of six pence per gallon on sugar and molasses imported into the colonies. In 1764 the British lowered the tax to three pence but now eventually decided to enforce it. In addition, taxes were to be placed on other items such as wines, coffee, and textile products, and other restrictions were applied, this upset the colonists. Madaras L, SoRelle J (2011) & Wood S. G. (2003)
The French and Indian wars is the general name for a series of wars and conflicts between Great Britain and France during a period of 75 years. The fought over the possession of North America for territorial expansion in general, and for the rich fur trade around the Hudson Bay region specifically.
Huge debts were owed to Great Britain for supplying the colonists with military support and supplies. To pay the dues, there was the establishment of the Stamp Act, the taxation on domestic goods and services. A tax on domestic merchandise brought even more anger to the colonists. The Sugar Act, the Townshed Duties and the Tea Act were also all introduced with the same fundamentals: applying tax on goods whether it be directly or indirectly, domestic or international. “British commercial regulations imposed a paltry economic burden on Americans, who enjoyed a rapid economic growth and a standard of living higher than their European counterparts” (McGaughy). Each act resulted in irritated colonists. Some even retaliated by tarring and feathering certain English tax enforcers living in the colonies.
The French and Indian war was cause by many resulted tension in North America. French and British imperials and colonist sought to extend each country’s sphere of influence in frontier regions. Their origin in the trade with Native Americans, sparke the French and Indian war. “French claimed territory surrounding the Great Lake. They were hoping to succeed from the furs trade with the Indians. And the war began with French and their Indians allies Indians allies, “(the majority of peoples in the Northeast and upper Midwest”) attacking British frontier settlements. The Seven year’s War did not began good for the British. So the governor from British order General Edward Braddock 's to go to the colonies as the
Throughout the French and Indian War (1754-1763), the relationship between the British and the American colonies underwent many radical changes. This war drew the British into America to fight the French alongside of the American colonists. Once the fighting began, the vast economic, political, and ideological differences between the colonists and their mother country of Great Britain surfaced. The French and Indian War impacted the political correlation between Britain and the American colonies because the colonies desired a new democratic government in place of the former English monarchy. Additionally, the war altered the economic relations between the two because of the establishment of numerous British taxations to pay for the war
Protests broke out all across the colonies, with revolts, boycotts, and even fights. British Parliament established the acts to raise revenue through trade taxes on the American colonies. The Sugar Act was established in 1764 to increase controls on non-British trading and taxed not only sugar but other materials such as; coffee, coconuts and different animals parts. The Stamp Act was established in 1765 to tax people for a royal stamp, it also taxed paper, shipping and legal documents, pamphlets, and many more. The act was not as large as other taxes, but it changed the way of Parliament authority, from trade to direct taxes on the colonies. The famous saying “no taxation without representation”,
Beginning in 1764, Great Britain began passing acts to exert greater control over the American colonies. The Sugar Act was passed to increase duties on foreign sugar imported from the West Indies. A Currency Act was also passed to ban the colonies from issuing paper bills or bills of credit because of the belief that the colonial currency had devalued the British money. Further, in order to continue to support the British soldiers left in America after the war, Great Britain passed the Quartering Act in 1765. This ordered colonists to house and feed British soldiers if there was not enough room for them in the colonist’s homes. An important piece of legislation that really upset the colonists was the Stamp Act passed in 1765. This required stamps to be purchased or included on many different items and documents such as playing cards, legal papers, newspapers, and more. This was the first direct tax that Britain had imposed on the colonists. Events began to escalate with passage of the Townshend Acts in 1767. These taxes were created to help colonial officials become independent of the colonists by providing them with a source of income. This act led to clashes between British troops and colonists, causing the infamous Boston Massacre. These unjust requests and increasing tensions all led up to the colonist’s declaration as well as the Revolutionary War.
In 1763, a peace treaty had just been signed. This was called the Peace of Paris which ended a long series of costly conflicts between Britain and France during the French and Indian wars. Because France had lost, they were forced to give all the American territory to Great Britain. After Great Britain took control of the region, King George III did not want to fight another war in America so he forbid colonial settlement on the western lands. This was called the Proclamation line of 1763. This proclamation angered many colonies since they believed that a king who ruled across the ocean could not determine the colonist needs and had no right to limit where they could settle. This was the beginning of many troubles in the colonies.
On April 5, 1764, the Sugar Act was the first of many taxes to be placed upon the American colonies to help pay off Britain’s debt from the American Revolution. In the Sugar Act, products imported into the colonies were being taxed, such as coffee, textiles, and, of course, sugar. The colonists did not take too kindly to this, as the number of places that they could sell to was lowered, which led to the amount of money for them to buy things was decreasing, so their economy became weaker. And as they had less money to support themselves, the taxes were affecting them more than ever. In this way, the colonists became much more aware about how the British were treating them.
One of the first policies that the British government set into place in the American colonies was the Proclamation of 1763. The proclamation ordered that “no settlers were to cross the Appalachian divide” (100). One of the major issues that the colonists faced were conflicts with the local
The French and Indian War was a nationalizing experience for the Colonists because it banded a un-unified group of colonists together against a common enemy,the French and their allies, the Indians. The war later led to the reinforcement of their unity and resentment towards Britain for implementing many acts on the colonists, whether it be taxing, or control over their commerce. Before the French and Indian War many of the colonies were skeptical and/ or jealous of one another, creating disunity and an untrustworthy environment throughout the colonies. To represent the lack of coherence among the colonies, Benjamin Franklin published a cartoon representing the colonies as a disjointed snake. During the French and Indian War, the colonists
The French and Indian War of 1754, known in Europe as the “Seven Years War”, was a war for control of the Americas between the French and the British. The American colonists allied with the British. The British victory over the French ended French rule in North America. The war left Britain in major debt. The British began imposing new imperial policies upon the American Colonists to raise revenue to pay for the war. The Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Acts of 1767, and the Coercive Acts of 1774 were British imperial policies that intensified colonial resistance to British crown and made the colonists more committed to their republican values.
The passing of a series of laws regulating trade and tax, most notably the Sugar Act (1764), the Stamp Act (1765), and the Tea Act (1773) increased tension between Great Britain and its colonies in the period 1763-1776. Near the end of the French and Indian War, Great Britain was in desperate need of money to pay for their war debts. The British Parliament believed that they had a right to tax their colonies. Their legislations placed duties on certain imports that had never been taxed before. By the end of 1764, tensions heightened between colonists and imperial officials as they were disagreeing more and more about how the colonies should be taxed and governed. These feelings of dissatisfaction would soon swell into rebellion, leading to the American Revolution.
Since the beginning of history, wars have been fought to gain territories, independence, or to fight against those who take away one’s rights. The French and Indian War was fought in North America over the Ohio Valley, however, it is much more than just a war to gain territory. This war opened doors to the colonists who decided that fighting for independence was something they were in need of doing. The French and Indian War was the portion of the Seven Year’s War that was fought in North America between Great Britain and France. Within every war there are winners and losers. There are never two winners in a war. With Great Britain’s anate ability to fight France overseas in the Atlantic Ocean was how they received their win in the French and Indian War. Although, Great Britain won the war while France lost, both of these countries had many positive and negative affects during and after the war.