The Evolution of Management Thought

2221 Words9 Pages
The Evolution of Management Thought
Khalil Said
University of Phoenix

The Evolution of Management Thought The evolution of management thoughts and theories in modern management thinking began in the nineteenth century and continued during the twentieth. The need to define management and the role of managers led to the foundation of management theories through experience of the pioneer thinkers. Classical management theory focused on dividing the labors and tasks execution. Classical era characterized by creating a stable profit that stability is the key success of an organization. Among the most influential thinkers that time were Frederick Taylor and his thoughts of scientific management, Henri Fayol and the
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10. Order. Selection of the right material and the right employee to execute certain tasks is important for continuing each organizational function and activity.
11. Equity. Justice and fairness to be in place dealing with employees. 12. Stability of tenure of personnel. A stable environment is important to maximize the productivity of managers and employees.
13. Initiative. Initiatives and plans in need to communicate in clear directions at all levels of the organizational hierarchy so that there should be no waste of time and valuable resources.
14. Esprit de Corps. “Create a functional teamwork with clear verbal communication is important for the success of an organization.” (Wren, 2005, p. 215) Administrative theory looks at the organization as a closed system. The interaction with external environment and the absence of human elements or social factors characterized the formal and classical management era. “Classical administrative theory, like its near-contemporary the scientific management approach, rests on the premises that organizations are unproblematically rational and (effectively) closed systems” (Marshal1998).

Walonck (n.d, cited in Reshef, 2000) emphasized that “classical management theory was rigid and mechanistic. The shortcomings of classical organization theory quickly became apparent. Its major deficiency was that it attempted to explain peoples
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