The Importance Of Automated Persistent Surveillance

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The advancement of UAV abilities and technology in recent years has promoted substantial scientific and commercial research into the application and management of this technology. In some areas of development UAV capability has surpassed the regional flight policies and capabilities of manned operations. One of the predominant implementations of UAVs pertains to automated persistent monitoring and surveillance (Nikhil Nigam 2014). Automated persistent surveillance is the use of sensors to continuously capture the activities of a region by adjusting the field of view (FOV) and position of the sensors with minimal or no human interaction (Nikhil Nigam 2014). These surveillance systems provide a powerful solution for perpetual monitoring and…show more content…
These system control frameworks vastly improve the management of multiple UAV systems by incorporating varying degrees of vehicle autonomy, communication, and control between the operator and the UAVs. Depending on the level of autonomy and system traits, these control frameworks can enable single operators (human or AI) to monitor and control numerous UAVs.
The underlying technology and algorithms used for persistent surveillance with sensors has existed for a couple decades, beginning with stationary security cameras and existing today with manned and unmanned aircraft (Yao et al. 2010; Keck, Galup, and Stauffer 2013). With the addition of UAVs as a sensor platform the sustainability and duration of surveillance tasks are greatly improved. Surveillance of a region using aerial vehicles is used for various purposes, such as monitoring weather, potential hazard or natural disaster zones, regional threats, and observation and reconnaissance (N. Nigam and Kroo 2008). These tasks may require significant time requirements and sustained surveillance that only UAV capabilities can provide. It is also beneficial to improve the surveillance FOV and fidelity by increasing the count of sensors or aerial vehicles, which is much easier accomplished by using UAVs rather than manned aerial vehicles (Prokaj and Medioni 2014; Basharat et al. 2014). Although the use of UAVs has
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