The Importance Of Breastfeeding Versus Bottle Feeding

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Wouldn’t it be easier if there was a single book of guidelines for how to care for infants that was used and respected at a global level? Certain aspects of infant care around the world tend to be controversial topics; therefore it can be difficult to decide which guidelines to follow. For example, when it comes to things like the importance of breastfeeding versus bottle feeding, or how long an infant should be breastfed, you will likely get different opinions depending on whom and where you ask. There are also hundreds of factors that need to be taken into consideration, such as the presence of a disease in the mother or the baby. HIV is one of these diseases that affects care of an infant. The purpose of this critique is to assess and…show more content…
A convenience sample design was used to individually interview 81 mothers, aged 18-49, who were HIV positive and who breastfed their babies for 0-6 months. Demographic information, such as education level and place of residence, was collected in the interviews. Exclusive breastfeeding knowledge and practice was evaluated using questionnaires and scales. The study was able to be conducted with signed consent of each participant, along with permission from Zimbabwe Research Council and Chirumanzi District Medical Officer. The independent variable in this study was the knowledge women had about breastfeeding, and the dependent variable was whether or not they breastfed their babies. Results of this study showed that increased knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding increased the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. It was also found that basic exclusive breastfeeding knowledge increased with age. Babies who are strictly fed breastmilk in the first 6 months of life had a lower chance of contracting HIV compared to babies who received mixed diets. The second study aimed to create an assessment scale that could be used to test the aptitude of caregivers of children that were exposed to HIV. This study conducted by Moura Barroso, Gomes Freitas, and Gimeniz Galvao (2013) identified the problem by saying: Depending on the possibility of identifying the ability to care for children exposed, through the construction of an instrument capable of measuring the behavior

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