The Golden Age began the tradition of transforming classic literature into musical theater. During the 1950s, directors and collaborators took a central role in integrating movement and dance fully into musical theater productions. Many productions emphasized the storytelling power of dance. West Side Story (1957), a musical where dance held an integral part in, was a retelling of Romeo and Juliet to modern-day New York City. Guys and Dolls (1950), My Fair Lady (1956), The Music Man (1957), and Gypsy (1959) were all very influential and successful musicals of that time. The 1950s ended with Roger and Hammerstein’s last hit, The Sound of Music, and with its extremely successful film version, it became one of the most popular musicals in history.
The liturgy refers to the set order of services and structure of each service True
1. Discuss the use of music in Catholic and Protestant worship practice, from the development of polyphony, through the music of J.S. Bach. In so doing, discuss the shift in responsibility for musical development from the Catholic Church to the Lutheran Church.
Bishop James opened with the Penitential Rite that refers to the sins of everyone, and the Kyrie, Eleison meaning "Lord, have mercy" which is the form of an confession. Following he reads scriptures from the Bible relating to the scheduled topic. Standing firm in ones faith and identifying ones true identity was the focal point as Bishop James preached while quoting scriptures in the Old and New Testament. Additionally baskets were passed along for monetary offerings as the Mass prepared for the Liturgy of the Eucharist. During this ritual the Priest distributes bread and wine unto the Mass as the traditions of the early church used for the celebration of the Lord's Supper. The celebrant gives high praises to God for the sacrifice of Jesus in which the bread symbolizes the body of Christ and the wine as his blood. The rite concludes with a short prayer and ringing of bells at the Consecration, signifying the holiest moment of the Mass, a symbol of reverent rejoicing. Lastly the Mass ends with the priest blessing the congregation and sending us forth to spread the Word of God and put it into
The first three Sacraments listed are the Sacraments of Initiation. “The Sacraments of Christian Initiation—Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist—lay the foundations of every Christian life…By means of these Sacraments of Christian Initiation, [we] thus receive in increasing measure the treasures of the divine life and advance toward the perfection of charity.” (CCC Chapter 1, Article 2:1212) These sacraments represent our birth into the Church, the seal of our birth into the Church, and the reception of Jesus’ body. In the words of the Catholic Church, “The Christian is born anew by Baptism, strengthened by Confirmation, and receives in the Eucharist the food of eternal life.” (CCC Chapter 1, Article 2:1212)
This paper will set out to explore the implications of what it means to be liturgical in our current time and space while considering the history of the church. More specifically, I will consider the role of music and how it can aid as well as inhibit a congregation’s worship life. To do such a task I will focus on issues related to cultural specificity, didactic and evangelical effectiveness, and catholicity and confessional faithfulness.
In a Catholic church, the congregation is greeted at least three times, at the beginning of the mass (introductory rites), at the sign of peace (rite of peace), and finally at the end of mass (concluding rites). The high liturgy theme celebration, in a catholic mass, is introduced at the opening prayer and the readings and psalms follow after. In my opinion, these scripture readings do not give a literal meaning of the celebration, however, each reading has a similar message. The Christian Reformed Church is seen as a place of fellowship for those who believe in God, where the people are true to the gospel, and where baptism and the Lord’s Supper are rightly celebrated. The mission of Palos Heights Christian Reformed Church is that they, “exist to make and equip passionate followers of Jesus who love all people and transform their communities for the glory of God” (Palos Heights CRC Pathfinder). My church’s mission is to also to guide disciples of Christ and to transform them to love all and the community for the glory to God, but they add that it is important to prepare Jesus’ followers for their faith formation (the
“That hymn is more than a piece of music; it is an event in European history,” says a church historian. But at a more personal level, it also reflects some of
We all begin to sit in the neatly lined up chairs that are placed at the centre, giving us a direct view of the altar and the pastor speaking to us. We all begin to listen to the pastor welcoming us to the event and begins to recite passages from the bible, which has been a traditional practice for Anglicans for many generations. The liturgy continues on for less than half an hour, where the procession of Kassandra’s baptism is made up of four ritual stages, each indicated in the program (Appendix C). These stages include: the declaration of Kassandra’s parents’ and godparents’ faith in raising her in the knowledge and love of God, the blessing of the water, the baptism (Appendix D) and closing the ceremony with the traditional Lord’s prayer
In the beginning of the 20th century, Pope Pius X had initiated a liturgical movement, in which he wrote a document in 1903 on sacred music entitled “Tra le sollectitudini,” (Hitchcock). In the Second Vatican Council, the fathers produced the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, which was their first work. This Constitution was entitled Sacrosanctum Concilium (1963). In the Constitution, the fathers described the use of liturgy as vital in Catholic life, thus calling for liturgical reform. This reform stressed that active participation of the laity, so that the liturgy would become a central part of each faithful Catholic’s life because the real objective of this reform of the liturgy was for it to become central. Jane Mary Murray is just one
The Liturgy of the Hours has three names. The three names are The Liturgy of the Hours, the Divine Office, and the Breviary. The latin word for The Liturgy of the Hours is Liturgia Horarum. This consists of mainly Psalms, added by hymns, readings, and other prayers. The Liturgy of the Hours is the official prayer of the church, said many times in the day in order to sanctify it. Clergy and religious officials have an obligation to say it because of the Canon Law as official representatives to the church. The laity are expected to recite it whether it is with a priest, by themselves or with others.
Johannes Brahms was one of the most important composers of the nineteenth century. Although he is forever enshrined in music history as one of the three B’s (Along with Beethoven, and Bach), Brahms’ contribution to the musical world is far greater than just the letter B. (“Self Confidence” par. 9) From his works in orchestral music (such as his four symphonies, and concertos) to his piano, chamber, and choral music, all of these have had a meaningful impact the world of music, both in the nineteenth century, and today. (Sandberger par. 1)
The first piece of music is from the twentieth century because the use of glissando.The harmony of the music sound disonance or unstable. The rhythm of the music is polyrhythm because it has two or more contrasting,independent rhythms. The music sounds transparent because individual tone color can be heard clearly.
Music underwent a plethora of changes throughout the twentieth century, including a complete transformation from the large symphonic works of the late 1800s to the short, electronic ditties of the late 1900s. With all that change, choosing only three composers to represent the entire twentieth century would be impossible. For example, the innovation of electronic music added an entirely new genre to the world of classical music; however, the three composers discussed here did not write in that style and instead influenced other aspects of the music world. Arnold Schoenberg, Aaron Copland, and Igor Stravinsky each greatly impacted the musical world around them. Schoenberg’s journey away from tonality to serialism changed the way that composers wrote for the rest of the century, while Copland’s music emancipated American sound from the European styles. Stravinsky brought many musical styles to the height of what could be accomplished in each one, and his excellence influenced many composers during and after his time. Schoenberg, Copland, and Stravinsky represent three of the most important composers of the twentieth century.
Tradition is not only a protective, conservative principle; it is, primarily, the principle of a body to grow together and reconcile in unity. The prayer before receive communion made me feel as though we was at the last supper. Reminding us of his love and how we don’t want to face any condemnation because of unworthiness, but for the cleansing and sanctification. We placing our hope in Jesus Christ through