The Nursing Theory Of Virginia Henderson's Nursing Need Theory

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Virginia Henderson was born in Kansas City, Missouri on November 30th, 1897. She was the fifth of eight children to Lucy Abbot Henderson and Daniel B. Henderson. Henderson was a nurse theorist and, an author known for her “Need Theory”. The Nursing Need Theory was developed by Virginia A. Henderson to define the unique focus of nursing practice. The theory focuses on the importance of increasing the patient's independence to hasten their progress in the hospital. She also defined nursing as “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery or to a peaceful death. In 1901, the family relocated to Virginia, where Henderson grew to Adulthood.…show more content…
To begin with, the individual has basic needs that are component of health. They alsways require assistance to achieve health and independence or a peaceful death. In relation to the individual, mind and body are inseparable and interrelated. They tend to consider the biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual components. The theory presents the patient as a sum of parts with biopsychosocial needs, and…show more content…
The tenth and fourteenth are psychological aspects of communicating and learning. The eleventh component is spiritual and moral while the twelfth and thirteenth components are sociologically oriented to occupation and recreation. The are many different purposes of the nursing theory in practice, education and research. Firstly, in practice, it assists nurses to describe, explain, and predict everyday experiences. It Serve to guide assessment, interventions, and evaluation of nursing care. It also provides a rationale for collecting reliable and valid data about the health status of clients, which are essential for effective decision making and implementation. It helps to describe criteria to measure the quality of nursing care and help build a common nursing terminology to use in communicating with other health professionals. Secondly, in education, it provides a general focus for curriculum design and guide curricular decision making. Thirdly, in research, it offers a framework for generating knowledge and new ideas and assists in discovering knowledge gaps in the specific field of study. It also offers a systematic approach to identify questions for study; select variables, interpret findings, and validate nursing interventions. It also provides approaches to developing nursing
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