The Obesity Epidemic

2270 Words Jan 26th, 2018 9 Pages
One asks themselves, how being overweight or obese can be measured? Measuring or classifying an individual of being overweight or obese can be done by measuring an individual’s body mass index or BMI. BMI is an index that classifies individuals to determine if they are either underweight, normal weight, overweight or obesity. BMI can be easily calculated by an individual’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of individual’s height in meters (kg / m^2). According to the World Health Organization, an individual is classified by BMI, in the following order: underweight = <18.5, normal weight = 18.5-24.9, overweight = 25-29.9, obesity = >30. BMI is useful to measure population because it is standardized in both sexes and all ages in adults. According to the WHO, overweight and obesity is the fifth leading risk global deaths. Being overweight or obese can lead to diabetes, osteoarthritis, cardiovascular diseases (heart disease, stroke) and certain cancers (endometrial, breast and colon). Epidemiologists and others in respect fields have figured out the causes that lead to being overweight or obese. The main cause s an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the WHO have seen that globally an increased intake of energy-dense foods…

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