The President of the United States of America

1379 WordsJul 8, 20186 Pages
The President of the United States of America, which was established by the U.S. Constitution in 1787, is the head of state and head of U.S. government. The president is also the Commander in chief of Armed Forces of the United States. The president must be a thirty five year-old and natural-born U.S. citizen who has been a permanent resident in the States at least fourteen years. The President of the United States is indirectly elected by the people through Electoral College every four years. It has become a powerful institution throughout those years since the Constitution was founded. In a presidential-system country, such as the United States, the presidential power vested by the Constitution broadly includes both foreign and…show more content…
During the American Civil War, when Lincoln faced secession from southern states, he unprecedentedly interpreted presidential power. Lincoln decided to suspend the writ of habeas corpus and arrested more than 13,000 civilians throughout the Union (Ewers). Lincoln called the argument of secession “an ingenious sophism.” Since the Union came before the Constitution, solidified in the Declaration of Independence, states have no existence outside the Federal Government. In order to protect the Union, Lincoln did not allow the secession even he ignored a Supreme Court’s justice decision that overturned his order. He did not believe that any law was violated by suspending habeas corpus. In Lincoln’s belief, the Constitution provided for the suspension of habeas corpus in cases of “rebellion or invasion,” and secession was clearly a rebellion (O'Neil). According to Tulis, there is an adapted, “lowercase c constitution” that Woodrow Wilson devised and most presidents have followed (Tulis, The Two Constitutional Presidencies). Differed from the Founders’ perspectives, Wilson reinterpreted the Constitution in understanding of demagoguery, representation, independence of the executive and separation of power. Wilson prescribed popular leadership while the Founders or the Federalist proscribed it. Wilson believed that presidents receive their authority independently from the people. He favored interplay between
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