The Role Of AIDS In Sub-Saharan Africa

Decent Essays
Cause #3: Religion
The third cause of the spread of AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa are the religious factors of the region, which play a key role in the spread of the disease. In 2009, Pope Benedict, during his trip in Africa banned the use of condoms (medwiser, 2017). This directly helped to increase the spread of AIDS, as the Catholics in the region had more of an incentive to have unprotected sex. In 2008, Muslim leaders had shared a similar view with the Pope (medwiser, 2017). The umbrella Somali Ulema Council said it would use Sharia (Islamic) Law, including flogging, to punish those selling or using condoms. According to Sheikh Nur Barud, who is the chairman of the Somali Ulema Council, “ the use of condoms will increase adultery
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The average life-expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa is 54.4 years of age because of the HIV/AIDS (unaids, 2017). In some countries in Africa, adults don’t even make it past the age of 49, leaving many children without parents (unaids, 2017).There are about 34 million orphans in Sub-Saharan Africa today and around 11 million of the kid’s parents have died from AIDS (Gouede, 2017). In past studies it has been concluded that, eight out of every 10 children in the world whose parents have died of AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa (Gouede, 2017). In the past ten years, the proportion of kids who are orphaned because of their parents dying from AIDS rose from 3.5% to 32% and it is continuing to rise as the disease keeps on spreading (Gouede, 2017). Becoming an orphan and losing parents impacts one’s health, rights, and their well-being. Most commonly, taking care of these orphans falls on extended families, such as grandparents (Gouede, 2017). On average these households earn about 31% less than normal households(Gouede, 2017). Therefore accepting an orphan into the house would dramatically decrease the amount of food left for everybody else. According to an article from Wikigender, “Street life is the recourse for many orphans, who often suffer from poor health, trauma and psychological distress, making them more vulnerable to abuse and exploitation”. Generally, the overall development of the region is hindered from prospering because all aspects of society are affected, (economy, culture, politics) (Gouede, 2017).The examples provided above support how an increase in orphans is a major effect of
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