1.) You are a researcher interested in examining the concept of incivility. How would you operationalize this variable?
The conceptual definition of incivility includes “a rude or impolite attitude or behavior.” (Merriam-Webster)
The two dimensions of incivility included in this study will be physical incivility and oral incivility. Physical incivility will focus on observable body movements and gestures that would be considered impolite; this is an important dimension of incivility because the indicators of this dimension are easily and more readily observed even to the untrained eye. Oral incivility will focus on spoken words and behaviors that are impolite; this is an important dimension of incivility because it will focus on precise…show more content… The behaviors are clear and defined. The validity of the study can be defended as these acts accurately reflect the concept of impolite or rude behavior; again, these behaviors are agreed upon to be considered uncivil. incivility physical oral chewing food with mouth open reading someone’s personal communication over shoulder cutting off conversation partner incorrect/absence of addressing title
2.) Imagine you are interested in comparing how much time men and women spend on Facebook. you ask 5 men and 5 women to report how many minutes they have spent on Facebook in the last week in an open-ended question.
Calculations to this question are provided at the end of the document.
The mean and median for women are 96 and 30 minutes respectively; there is no mode. The mean, median, and mode for men are 54, 45, and 45 minutes respectively. From this data, I cannot come to any concrete conclusions about the amount of time men and women spend on Facebook as the data is unreliable with several outliers and a small sample size. However, if I were to use the median as my measure of central tendency (since it is a more appropriate measurement to use when the data has outliers and therefore resistant), I would deduce that