The Structure Of Bacteria That Causes Disease Essay

1431 Words Apr 13th, 2016 6 Pages
Lee and Bishop (2016) have stated, microbes are microscopic, living single-celled organisms such as bacteria, fungi and virus which is non-living. The structure of bacteria that causes disease are the fimbriae, flagella and toxins. The cell wall provides structural support and the cell membrane supports the functions that occur in the subcellular structure of higher organisms. Bacteria are also known as pathogens which cause diseases in plants, insects, animals and humans. Flagella are the long tail-like structures that enable the bacteria to swim or move and it also help the bacteria to migrate to its site of infection and survive. Toxins are very harmful which are responsible for the symptoms and complication of the disease. One of the chronic disease caused by bacteria is tuberculosis (TB). A favourable environment such as time, temperature and oxygen are important to facilitate the bacterial growth.

According to Microbiology Online (n.d.), fungi can be single-celled or complex multicellular organisms. Fungi that causes disease in human include skin diseases such as athletes foot, ringworms and thrush. Hyphae are a fungal structure which is the fine root-like thread that forms a network and absorbs nutrients and sporangium is the part that produces the spores and spreads them (Lee & Bishop, 2010). Yeast is a single cell seen mostly on the surface of bread and cereal. Fungi grow and multiply in the environment suitable for them such as temperature, pH, oxygen level and…
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