The U.S. political system was planned out in the Constitution. This is a living document that can be amended and that is still constantly up for interpretation. The document has seven articles that lay out how the government is set up, plus 27 amendments. The first ten amendments make up the Bill of Rights. It is significant that our political system includes the Bill of Rights because it illustrates how we not only set up our government to govern but how we also set it up in a way that inherently protects the rights of the people. This was largely due to the influence of John Locke, who believed every person has the right to life, liberty, and property, and that the government has a responsibility to protect those rights. In Article 1, the Constitution lays out the powers and responsibilities of the legislative branch. This branch is in charge of creating legislation and controlling the purse. The Constitution establishes two components of this branch: the House of Representatives and Senate, which together make up Congress. The Founding Fathers decided to have two houses of Congress because of representation disputes between large and small states. Big states wanted the number of representatives each state got to be based off of population, so they would have more representation. Smaller states wanted each state to receive the same number of representatives, so they would not have less power than bigger states. The Constitution found a compromise by making two houses of
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One of the Articles of the Constitution is about the Legislative Branch, or the congress. It tells them what they can and can’t do to people. It shows how it will be broken up into 2 houses of government, and what lawmaking abilities they can use. It gives them a certain amount of power, which helps our country. The framers wrote this detailed description for the legislative branch so that always knew
Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress its powers and limits. Congress is the legislative branch of the government, meaning they are the ones to make laws for the United States of America. The article also creates the two sections of Congress, which is called a bicameral legislature. The first of the two is the Senate, which is made up of two senators from each state. The second is the House of Representatives, which has representatives from each state based on the
In the United States of America, the political party system is pivotal to the function of our nation. The political party system in our society today is separated between the Democrats and the Republicans. Although political parties do possess uncertainties their advantages outweigh their drawbacks in America. The United States of America is made up of two basic political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. A political party is a group of individuals who share similar interest and they work together with one another to construct and execute policies. The Democratic Party was established in 1828, by Andrew Jackson. The Democratic Party was created based on a belief in an unyielding government and an advocacy of social and
When writing the current Constitution, the founders were very inclined to create a system in which the people have representation in their government. Framers respond to this by creating a bicameral legislature, one that consists of a House of Representatives and Senate. The representation in the two houses was decided by the “Great Compromise”, effectively creating a House with representatives given to states in proportion to population. The Senate stands to grant states two representatives each, regardless of population or landmass. Some of the main powers of the legislature include: passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate). “All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.”(Constitution Center) Some people argue that the legislative branch is the most powerful of the three, able to create legislation and impeach the president. This also brings up how the legislative branch can regulate other branches. One way the legislative branch does this is by impeaching judges and presidents. In addition to this, the legislative branch can vote to give more power to the presidential branch. These powers are very important and useful, but the legislative branch can also be checked as
This system was created because our founding fathers figured they did not want any tyranny. This was one of their many goals and with this came federalism that balanced state and national government. Jefferson and others felt this is what we needed to become more democratic and get closer to our people. The checks and balances was created on the philosophy of Baron de
Introduction: The Legislative Branch came into existence because of the first Article of the Constitution. The first Article of the Constitution was the longest Article of the Constitution because the Legislative Branch is the largest branch. The Legislative Branch makes and proposes our laws. The Legislative branch consists of 535 voting members. Congress is the head of the legislative branch.
In the United States government, the legislative branch is a very complex system. Congress was made into a bicameral, or two-house system. The framers of the constitution did this because they believed that it was in the best interest of this new nation. These two separate houses would help aid the democratic process and make the system less corrupt and fair for all the states.
The Legislative branch has the power to pass federal laws, establish federal courts, override a Presidential veto, and impeach the President. The size of the House of Representatives resulted out of the Great Compromise. The number of Representatives is determined by Congress based on the state population. At minimum each state would have one representative, with larger states having more. When the House was created there was one representative for every thirty thousand people, yet currently we have one
There are agencies such as Liberty of Congress, Congressional Budget Office, Government Printing Office, and are examples of support services for the Congress. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention from larger and more populated states wanted congressional depiction to be based upon population. Afraid of power, delegates from minor states wanted equal representation. The Great Compromise resulted in creation of the two houses, with representation based on population in one and with equal representation in the other. Now members of Congress are elected by a straight vote of the people of the state they represent. The Senate was sighted as representative of state governments, not of the people. It was the responsibility of Senators to make certain that their state was treated equally in laws. The president also needs their approval on bills to raise money and all laws must pass before going to the president. Some of the powers they have are: to declare war, raise and support armies, regulate commerce, and more. One’s they did not have are: cannot suspend Habeas Corpus, cannot tax interstate commerce, and cannot take money from treasury unless told to do so. As a whole, the Legislative Branch is charged with passing the nation’s laws and assigning funds for the running of the federal government and providing assistance to all the states.
It was created in 1789 by the Article I of the Constitution. “Congressforkids.net” states “Legislative Branch: Headed by Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main task of these two bodies is to make the laws. Its powers include passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate)”. In other words, this meant that the legislative branch is what makes the laws, originate houses, and call to question of a integrity or validity of something. It also contains senates and the House of Representatives. The article “socailstudieshelp.com” states “The legislative branch, as you know is broken up into two parts or houses. This is known as a bicameral legislature. Each of the houses of Congress has its differences and there is something they must do together as well”. This means that the two parts of the legislative are the senates and the House of Representatives. One of the senate's jobs is to ratify the treaties while the House of Representatives has to pass all the spending bills before the senate's reserve
Article I, section 1, in the United States Constitution states that Congress has the power to legislate (Indiana.edu, 2016). Congress is composed of two major bodies; the House of Representatives, and the Senate (Indiana.edu, 2016). Both legislative bodies must concurrently agree in order to enact a law, however each chamber has distinct procedural rules, missions and traditions (Indiana.edu, 2016). Our nation’s founders developed a bicameral design for the U.S. Congress, which the goal was to divide the government into units that share power in order to provide checks and balances as an attempt to prevent tyranny, hence making our government unique (Indiana.edu, 2016).
Article 1, Section 1 of the Constitution gives all legislative authority of the United States to depend on Congress. This is important because the doctrine is based on the separation of powers concept where the branches of government have their own responsibilities and prevent one from having excessive power. It mainly focuses on legislative and executive branch because nearly all agencies fall under the executive branch. The Delegation doctrine has the power to decide whether a law should become one or not since it gives the legislative branch the kind of power. The legislative branch is consists of House of Representatives and the Senate which together form Congress. People under this branch have the power to create laws, statutes, and policies which they can either approve, disapprove, or veto them.
1.Analyze the evolution of the American political system. Be sure to include one individual or document that influenced the Constitution and one change in the federal system.
The Legislative Branch consists of Congress, which is made up of two parts; The House of Representatives and the Senate. These two parts of Congress was a result of the 1789 Compromise between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The Virginia Plan was about states wanted more representation in Congress because they were bigger states. From that plan the New Jersey Plan was brought forth. The New Jersey Plan basically said was smaller and bigger states should have equal power in Congress, so the bigger states don’t overpower the smaller states. In 1789 the solution came, with Great Compromise that took parts of both plans and used it. As part of the Virginia plan the House of Representatives was created, that gave representation in