Theories

2900 Words Oct 9th, 2014 12 Pages
Theories

1

Theories
Individual Counseling Theory Techniques
Lamar University

Theories

2
Theories

Adlerian, Cognitive Behavioral and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy are three major theories that are used extensively in the counseling world. Some counselors use each as a single treatment approach while others chose to blend things from two or more together. The theory or approach that is chosen by a counselor must be one that they are knowledgeable in and feel comfortable with. It’s also important to remember that not every approach will fit every client.
Adlerian Theory
Key Concepts
Adlerian Theory sometimes referred to as Individual Psychology was developed by Alfred Adler. Adler stressed a positive view of human
…show more content…
According to Adler the main criteria for mental health is having a feeling of human connectedness and a willingness to develop oneself fully and contribute to the welfare of others. ("Alfred Adler: Theory and
Application," 2012) When these qualities are not developed an individual may feel inferior or have an attitude of superiority which may antagonize others. ("Alfred Adler:
Theory and Application," 2012) Treatment is the last critical area of Adlerian Theory. In treatment Clients are “encouraged to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connectedness, and to redirect their striving for significance into more socially beneficial directions.” ("Alfred Adler: Theory and Application," 2012)
Therapeutic Process
In Adlerian Theory, the therapist and client work together to reach the goal. “It is a joint journey between the client and counselor.” ("Adlerian Analysis and Framework,"
2013) The therapist/client relationship is based on mutual trust and respect. The
Adlerian therapists assist clients in better understanding, challenging, and changing their “life story”. ("Adlerian Analysis and Framework," 2013) The therapist doesn’t label their clients with a diagnosis but looks for mistakes in thinking and values to help them overcome these things and “reshape their beliefs” ("Adlerian Analysis and Framework,"
2013) “Together, the therapist and client come to conclusions
Open Document