Urbanization And Development Of Urbanization

1241 Words5 Pages
Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. The research question 3 3. Justification for the proposed research 3 4. Preliminary discussion of literary sources 4 5. Theoretical framework 4 6. Statement of the expected achievement and contribution of the research to the issue 5 7. Proposed research methodology 5 8. Research plan and outline 5 9. Timetable of proposed research 5 10. References list 5 1. Introduction Urbanization and growth go with each other: no country has ever reached a great economy without a significant population shift into cities. According to United Nations databases, the proportion of the 2014 world population living in urban areas was 54 per cent, heading for 66 per cent by 2050. Urbanization is necessary to keep up growth in developing countries, and it yields other benefits as well. But it is not pain-less or always welcomed by policymakers or the general public. Managing urbanization is an important part of nurturing growth; neglecting cities—even in countries in which the level of urbanization is low—can impose heavy costs. Historically, urban infrastructures have materialized as a response to emergent issues, natural disasters are just an example of them. In the more distant past, construction has been a driven by localized issues such as sanitation, flooding or fire. The reaction has been to engineer systems (under the powers of centralized, state-led planning and public funding) that solve a single problem at a particular time. Little thought has been
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