Use Of Cell Phones On Campuses Nationwide And How / If They Affect Students Academic Performance

Decent Essays

1. What is/are the article’s main research question(s)? The topic in question focuses on the relationship between the use of cell phones on campuses nationwide and how/if they affect students’ academic performance. 2. What is their substantive and statistical hypotheses? The authors believe that there is a correlation between cell phone use and academic performance, but there are several factors that need to be taken into account. Such factors include: sex, cigarette smoking, class standing, and undergraduate major. Both of their hypotheses have to do with these factors and the direct effect they have on a students GPA. 3. What is their theoretical background? The authors rely on recent research studies regarding cell phone use among college students, noting that the students primarily use them for social networking, surfing the Internet, watching videos, and playing games. The authors also mention previous studies that suggest cell phone use can lead to a sedentary lifestyle, which might negatively affect behaviors that are vital for academic success. 4. What are the IVs and DVs? The independent variable in the experiment would be the cell phone use by the college students. The dependent variable is the academic performance. 5. What level of measurement did they use for all of the IVs and DVs in the study? Independent Variables: Smoking (smoker vs. non-smoker) – nominal, categorical Class standing (fresh, soph, junior, senior) – ordinal, categorical Total phone calls

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