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What Are the Arguments for and Against the Idea That the World Has Become Flat in Recent Years?

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The world is ever changing and has been that way even before humans dominated Earth. However, what we are interested in for this topic is in the last few decades where globalization has had an impact in the early 21st century, making the world “flat”. The phrase that the world has become flat is a metaphor for viewing the world level in terms of commerce and competition, meaning a level playing field where everyone has an equal opportunity. However, opinions are divided on how much globalization has actually impacted the world as a whole. Critics argue that Friedman’s term “flat” is grossly exaggerated as his view is from an American perspective. This paper investigates major arguments for both sides.

Arguments supporting the “flat
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The falling of the Berlin Wall in November 9, 1989 signifies that the world has become a single space without barriers that prevents or slows down international business (Friedman, 2005). In addition, countries that had followed the Soviet economic model, including India, China, Russia and the nations of Eastern Europe, Latin America and Central Asia, began to open up their economies to the world. This in Friedman’s view made countries more integrated and “similar”
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