-Introduction. Why did international peace collapsed by 1939? When Hitler came to power in 1933 he promised many things to the Germans and told them how he was going to save Germany from the crisis that was made by the democratic leaders. His main policy points were, firstly he wanted to destroy the ToV because he hated them, and thought it was unfair many of his people lost territory, money, and mostly honor because of the ToV and he wanted to unite all Germans to make them pay. Para. 1 When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933 he pledged to reverse the Treaty of Versailles and to make German territory bigger. He was compromised to take this actions he had promised them in 1924 just if he was chosen into power. In 1933 people liked his promises so they elected him so he could make them come true. The treaty was constantly defeated, Hitler believed the Treaty was unfair and it make Germany look weak. If Hitler was going to destroy the Treaty of Versailles he could also get the land that was taken from him in the Treaty. Hitler wanted to gain more territory and build an empire to increase German territory. Hitler’s ‘’people’’ were expecting the promises, so Hitler must complete them to keep Germany satisfied with their leader so they kept believing in him with no doubt. Para.2 In the 1930s there were two incidents that really tested the League of Nations, the invasion of Manchuria by Japan and the invasion of
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This essay analyses the origins of the Second World War by briefly summarizing the events from 1919-1939. However, most emphasis is put on the amount of responsibility the Treaty of Versailles deserves for the outbreak of war. Other than analysing the Treaty of Versailles on its own, it also analyses the effects of the 1929 Wall Street Crash on the world, the rise of Fascism and Nazism, as well as the rise of Adolf Hitler, the failure of the League of Nations and the appeasement of the Fascist and Nazi regimes by Britain and France throughout the 1930s. Hence the Treaty of Versailles plays a
From the Treaty of Versailles, to the rise of Hitler, and the failure of the League of Nations, there were many causes that lead up to World War II. World War I left Germany with many shortfalls, thus leaving them in the hands of the Treaty of Versailles. Rather unfair of a Treaty, this left Germany once again looking for another way out. A country resented by many had no other choice but to feel optimistic toward Adolph Hitlers empty promises… making it substantially simple for him to gain power so quick. Throw in the Great Depression, and you have a vastly unstable world, which the Germans believed Hitler would lead them out of.
According to the article “Map created from various sources, Document A” after the war, Germany lost many different lands the German’s had previously owned. Germany lost territories such as the Polish Corridor, Northern East Prussia, South Denmark, and Alsace Lorraine. Whenever Germany lost those areas, traveling and trading became a constant issue. A few of the countries would block oceans where trading ships would come in, and give goods or wares to Germany, but with the countries not being owned by Germany, the countries would not allow German soldiers in their land. When giving up those countries, Germany also lost many recourses. Their coal cost was taken down by 40% and many recourses that had been native to those lands had been stolen. Not all German’s gave up though, Adolf Hitler was a German man who decided that the only way to solve their sudden loss of land, was through the sword, also known as
"So long as this Treaty stands there can be no resurrection of the German people; no social reform of any kind is possible!".1 The Treaty of Versailles demanded exorbitant repetitions for a war Germany did not start. Adolf Hitler took the opportunity to address issues in his own hands after he left WW1 because the situation in Germany incited immense anger and distress in the people.
The Treaty had what is referred to as the War Guilt Clause, which laid all the blame for the war on Germany (Doc D). Because of this, Germans despised the Treaty, and viewed it as "an atrocious injustice, an evil thing which must be destroyed" (Doc D). They wanted revenge against those who implemented the clauses, and in their opinion, unfairly blamed Germany. Hitler was accepted by Germans because he promised to destroyed the Treaty by violating its clauses and restoring Germany to it's former glory. Hitler gave back the pride and respect Germans had for their country, which the Treaty if Versailles had
An event ending in millions of lives takes place with the aid of the Treaty of Versailles. Following after World War 1 was the creation of the Treaty of Versailles (1919), which penalized the Germans. Due to the extreme regulations placed on the Germans, Germany became aggravated and a new leader came to power, Adolf Hitler, who and restored a sense of pride and reawakened a sense of self respect. The Treaty of Versailles, because of the extreme decrees, such as minimizing Germany's military, taking an excessive amount of land away, and the ridiculous amount of money the Germans had to pay, threw the world into chaos causing World War II.
On the other hand, the army was a symbol of pride, therefore, to have such a small army was humiliating for them and after the Treaty, Hitler managed to use this into his favour as he kept reminding Germans of this humiliation and consequently, he gained more support. Hitler came into power because he wanted to overthrow the Treaty of Versailles and restore German pride and consequently gain more support. Hitler succeeded to make the Germans believe that the Jews and the leaders who signed the treaty were to be blamed and eventually called them November Criminals. He clearly portrayed those ideas in his book, Mein Kampf, which he wrote when he was in prison following a disastrous outcome of the Munich putsch. He had realised that he could take control of Germany by force, so, he managed to increase his support by displaying how the Treaty of Versailles was impacting Germany. He particularly wanted to rearm Germany following its disarmament as per the Treaty. German citizens hated the fact that they had to disarm and Hitler managed to use this hatred to convince them and gain
Living space then, was a necessary objective in Hitler 's eyes, but in order to achieve this space he needed to develop Germany 's army first. So he did. Between 1933 and 1939 the Treaty of Versailles was secretly avoided to massively increase the size of the German army, from 100,000 to 300,00017. The Luftwaffe, German air force, also rapidly increased and by 1940 it was the strongest among all the European powers. The German war machine was impressive, in just six years it went from being the weakest army to one of the strongest18. However, this created a vicious circle in terms of foreign policy for Germany: Hitler wanted living space, so he built up the army. However, in order to pay for this rapid rearmament, he had to conquer territories. Thus, Hitler made war profitable and a key part of the foreign policy of Germany19.
The Failure of the League of Nations and the Outbreak of War in 1939 There are many causes for the outbreak of the Second World War. These include the failure of the League of Nations, the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler's actions and so on. Some of them are more important then others and are mostly linked with another cause.
Hitler wanted his country’s population to grow. The German land mass was small and if Hitler wanted a growth in population he would need more land. Hitler was quoted saying, “The
The Treaty of Versailles was penned during the Paris Peace Conference, mainly to decide upon Germany’s consequences for beginning World War One. When Germany signed the treaty, it lost a tenth of its land to surrounding countries. Not only did they lose part of their country, but they also lost their overseas territories, including Chinese ports, Pacific Islands, and African colonies. One of the actual causes of the war was that Germany wanted ‘a place in the sun’, and requested
The Treaty of Versailles only partly helped Hitler become chancellor. On 28 June 1919, Germany signed the Treaty with the allies, losing 10% of her land. The German army was reduced to 100,000 men
Rearmament was a popular move in Germany. It boosted Nazi support. Hitler also knew that Britain had some sympathy for Germany on this issue, as Britain believed that the limits put on Germany’s armed forces by the Treaty of Versailles were too strict. It was clear that the permitted forces were not enough to defend Germany from attack. Also, Britain thought that Germany would be a good buffer against Communism.