Why India Started Implementing Family Planning Practices

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With a current population of 1.252 billion people, it’s easy to tell why India started implementing family planning practices. Overpopulation was starting to affect India when they gained independence from England (Rubenstein, 2014). The Planning Commission was set up in 1950 to address all needs of the country and to decide the best way to use resources. The decline in death rate and growth of birth rate left the country no choice but to find a way to slow down the growth. This led to another branch of the Planning Commission being created in 1952 with the implementation of the National Family Planning Program in order to aide the country from such “societal ills as hunger, poverty, and national economic distress,” which were all believed…show more content…
The whole of the country would have to adopt the idea of a smaller family as ideal in order for the program to work. This led to an “extension education approach” which adopted to inform families of contraceptive practices and to provide services to aide in these choices. Following the first plans summary of what was needed to achieve the goals of the commission, the Second Five-Year Plan aimed to promote family planning to the population as a whole. The objective was the stabilization of the population to replacement level. Free or subsidized family planning services were provided during this period to further the objectives of the program. Clinics were enacted where family planning services were established and sterilization procedures were to take place on a voluntary basis. The Third Five-Year Plan enacted many changes to the previous years. Voluntary sterilization was enacted and efforts for family planning were intensified through widespread awareness (Koenig, 2013). The emergency period from 1975-1977 led to legislation being passed to attack the problem of population growth. It was made compulsory for families to stop childbearing after three children during
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