A cylinder of volume 0.300 m3 contains 10.0 mol of neon gas at 20.0°C. Assume neon behaves as an ideal gas. (a) What is the pressure of the gas? (b) Find the internal energy of the gas. (c) Suppose the gas expands at constant pressure to a volume of 1.000 m3. How much work is done on the gas? (d) What is the temperature of the gas at the new volume? (e) Find the internal energy of the gas when its volume is 1.000 m3. (f) Compute the change in the internal energy during the expansion. (g) Compute ΔU - W. (h) Must thermal energy be transferred to the gas during the constant pressure expansion or be taken away? (i) Compute Q, the thermal energy transfer. (j) What symbolic relationship between Q, ΔU, and W is suggested by the values obtained?

Question
Asked Dec 28, 2019
64 views

A cylinder of volume 0.300 m3 contains 10.0 mol of neon gas at 20.0°C. Assume neon behaves as an ideal gas. (a) What is the pressure of the gas? (b) Find the internal energy of the gas. (c) Suppose the gas expands at constant pressure to a volume of 1.000 m3. How much work is done on the gas? (d) What is the temperature of the gas at the new volume? (e) Find the internal energy of the gas when its volume is 1.000 m3. (f) Compute the change in the internal energy during the expansion. (g) Compute ΔU - W. (h) Must thermal energy be transferred to the gas during the constant pressure expansion or be taken away? (i) Compute Q, the thermal energy transfer. (j) What symbolic relationship between Q, ΔU, and W is suggested by the values obtained?

check_circle

Expert Answer

Step 1

 

(a)

For an ideal gas,

Physics homework question answer, step 1, image 1
fullscreen
Step 2

Substituting the values gives

Physics homework question answer, step 2, image 1
fullscreen
Step 3

(b)

The internal energy ...

Physics homework question answer, step 3, image 1
fullscreen

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Solutions are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. Questions are typically answered within 1 hour.*

See Solution
*Response times may vary by subject and question.
Tagged in

Science

Physics

Related Physics Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you
question_answer

Q: What part of an atom is positively charged and what part is negatively charged?

A: In accordance with the standard model of particle physics, protons and neutrons make up the nucleus ...

question_answer

Q: A heat engine does work Weng while absorbing energy Qh from the hot reservoir and expelling energy Q...

A: For option (a): Heat engine is an engine that takes in energy as heat and partially converts it into...

question_answer

Q: What change occur in the line current when more devices are introduced in a parallel circuit?

A:  Line current decreases in series and increases in parallel.The relationship between current, voltag...

question_answer

Q: What is an armature?

A: An armature can be defined as a power generating component in an electric machine where the armature...

question_answer

Q: A chemical reaction transfers 1250 J of thermal energy into an ideal gas while the system expands by...

A: The expression for the work done is,

question_answer

Q: Choose the option that makes the following statement correct. An object’s proper length is measured ...

A: Length contraction: Length contraction is the phenomenon that a moving object’s length is measured t...

question_answer

Q: Why do astronauts keep altitude beneath Van Allen radiation belts when doing space walks?

A: The Van Allen radiation belts are the reasons of harmful radiations or the charged particles. The Va...

question_answer

Q: How do the charges on opposing plates of a capacitor compare?

A: Capacitors are the energy storing device. It stores electrical energy by storing charges on its plat...

question_answer

Q: An unstable particle at rest breaks up into two fragments of unequal mass. The mass of the lighter f...

A: Write the expression for conservation of relativistic momentum

question_answer

Q: A supertrain of proper length 1.00 X 102 m travels at a speed of 0.95c as it passes through a tunnel...

A: Formula to calculate the contacted length of the train measured by the track side observer is,

question_answer

Q: The nonrelativistic expression for the momentum of a particle, p = mv, can be used if v << c. ...

A: The nonrelativistic momentum of a particle = p = mvVelocity of particle v<<c.

question_answer

Q: Is the current that is produced by a common generator ac or dc?

A: There are several types of common generator,Gasoline generator,Diesel generator,Bio diesel generator...

question_answer

Q: What relative direction between a magnetic field and a current carrying wire results in the greatest...

A: Determining which direction between the magnetic field and the current carrying wire results in the ...

question_answer

Q: What kind of charging occurs during thunderstorms?

A: During thunderstorms "charging by induction occurs". When charged body is brought near to any conduc...

question_answer

Q: What frequency ranges of a radiation curve do red, green and blue light occupy?

A: Step 1Frequency is the number of waves that pass through a particular point in space during time int...

question_answer

Q: Show that a potential difference of 1.02 x 106 V would be sufficient to give an electron a speed equ...

A: (a) Write the expression for the kinetic energy of the electron, and the solve for the speed of the ...

question_answer

Q: Nme the non metal with shiny appearance?

A: Usually non-metals do not shine except for some. Examples are graphite and iodine.Let us consider io...

question_answer

Q: Fire engines used to be red, Yellow-green is now the preferred colour.Why this change occured?

A: Red color appears black in the night, but the brightness of yellow green color does not fade in the ...

question_answer

Q: Why are the magnetic fields of superconducting magnets often stronger than those of conventional mag...

A: The magnetic fields of superconducting magnets are often stronger than the conventional magnets beca...

question_answer

Q: How does a pigment affect light?

A: Consider the interaction of light with a pigment.

question_answer

Q: A spaceship moves past Earth with a speed of 0.900c. As it is passing, a person on Earth measures th...

A: Click to see the answer

question_answer

Q: Figure P24.69 shows d- radio-wave transmitter and a receiver, both h = 50.0 m above the ground and d...

A: (a) The longest wavelength that interfere constructively is

question_answer

Q: Light of intensity I0 is polarized vertically and is incident on an analyzer rotated at an angle u f...

A: From maul’s law:

question_answer

Q: At what angle above the horizon is the Sun if light from it is completely polarized upon reflection ...

A: As the Sun is completely polarized, so it will satisfies the Brewster’s law. Then the angle of polar...

question_answer

Q: A plano-convex lens (flat on one side, convex on the other) with index of refraction n rests with it...

A: The figure is shown below:

question_answer

Q: A certain child’s near point is 10.0 cm; her far point (with eyes relaxed) is 125 cm. Each eye lens ...

A: Given:Certain child's near point = 10 cmHer far point = 125 cmEach Eye lens is 2 cm from the retina

question_answer

Q: How does a semiconductor differ from a conductor or an insulator?

A: Click to see the answer

question_answer

Q: Explain why, when defining the length of a rod, it is necessary to specify that the positions of the...

A: According to relativistic mechanics, absolute length or absolute time does not exist. Events at diff...

question_answer

Q: An alarm clock is set to sound in 10.0 h. At t 5 0, the clock is placed in a spaceship moving with a...

A: Velocity relative to the earth (v) = 0.75c.Alarm set to sound at = 10.0 h.At 5.0 h the alarm clock p...

question_answer

Q: What color results when red is subtracted from white light?

A: Step 1White light consists of the mixture of three colors, red, green and blue.

question_answer

Q: What color of light will be transmitted through overlapping cyan anf magenta filters?

A: The complementary colour of magenta is green.

question_answer

Q: Why is it impossible to simultaneously measure the position and velocity of a particle with infinite...

A: According to Heisenberg principle of uncertainty it is not possible to determine the physical quanti...

question_answer

Q: Why don't color scientist list black abnd white as colors?

A: It is known that visible light is a combination of seven wavelengths of light and each wavelength ha...

question_answer

Q: What would you expect the speed of light to be slightly less in atmosphere than in a vacuum?

A: Light is electromagnetic wave. So, they travel at 299,792,458 metres per second (approximately 3 x 1...

question_answer

Q: A patient has a near point of 45.0 cm and far point of 85.0 cm. (a) Can a single lens correct the pa...

A: Part a:

question_answer

Q: Choose the option from each pair that makes the following statement correct. For a nearsighted perso...

A: Explanation: 

question_answer

Q: What are magnetic pole reversals?

A: The magnetic pole reversal means North becomes South and South becomes North. Every magnet has two p...

question_answer

Q: A cataract - impaired lens in an eye may be surgically removed and replaced by a manufactured lens. ...

A: a). When P tends to infinity, the image distnace is equal to the focal length q=f

question_answer

Q: How do electrical field liners indicate the strength of an electric field?

A: The pattern of the electrical field lines indicate the magnitude or strength of the field. The elect...

question_answer

Q: Do Earth and Moon always cast shadows?

A: The earth and moon always cast shadows. We cannot see their shadow because we don’t have a screen to...

question_answer

Q: A converging lens with a diameter of 30.0 cm forms an image of a satellite passing overhead. The sat...

A: Click to see the answer

question_answer

Q: What is the primary purpose of lightening rod?

A: Click to see the answer

question_answer

Q: What is the force of magnetic force?

A: The force by which a magnet attarcts or repel another magnet or magnetic material is known as magnet...

question_answer

Q: Relative to distance of an object in front of a plane mirror, how far behind the mirror is the image...

A:  Plane mirrors form virtual images. The virtual images are formed behind the mirrors and image dista...

question_answer

Q: Does heating a metal wire increase or decrease its electrical resistance?

A: as the metal is heated , the electrons gain thermal energy and become more vibrant than room tempert...

question_answer

Q: When you look at distant galaxy through a telescope, how is it that you are looking backward in time...

A: We know that the speed of light is 3×108m/s. The speed of light being finite takes a finite time to ...

question_answer

Q: What part of the electromagnetism spectrum is most absorbed by water?

A: The Infrared radiation of the electromagnetic spectrum is most absorbed by water.Water is cyan becau...

question_answer

Q: How does the flow of current differ in a superconductor compared with the flow in ordinary conductor...

A: Click to see the answer

question_answer

Q: If the fundamental frequency of a note is 200Hz, what is the frequency of the second harmonic?

A: A harmonic is defined as the positive integral multiplicative value of the fundamental frequency.

question_answer

Q: Light with a wavelength in vacuum of 546.1 nm falls perpendicularly on a biological specimen that is...

A: (a). Wavelength of the first beam is