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Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductivemechanismsa acceptord- donorn - no effect0:Inductive effectResonance effect2.Inductive effect aResonance effect dN(CH3)2Inductive effecta3Resonance effect d

Question

Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductive mechanisms.
a = acceptor
d = donor
n = no effect

Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductive
mechanisms
a acceptor
d- donor
n - no effect
0:
Inductive effect
Resonance effect
2.
Inductive effect a
Resonance effect d
N(CH3)2
Inductive effecta
3
Resonance effect d
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Classify the following substituents according to whether they are electron donors or electron acceptors relative to hydrogen by the resonance and the inductive mechanisms a acceptor d- donor n - no effect 0: Inductive effect Resonance effect 2. Inductive effect a Resonance effect d N(CH3)2 Inductive effecta 3 Resonance effect d

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Organic chemistry problem

An electron donor substituent is the one that can donate electrons through resonance using its lone pair of electrons or by inductive effect through sigma bonds. On the other hand, presence of strong electronegative atoms or groups that can pull electrons from the system makes a substitutent electron acceptor.

1. Is an,                                            Inductive effect : a                        Resonance effect : d

The lone pair of electrons on oxygen participates in electron donor resonance effect and makes the system it is attached to electron rich. This makes it a strong electron donor. Oxygen being a highly electronegative atom, pulls electrons towards itself through sigma-sigma bonds and thus inductively it is an acceptor.

2. Is an,                                           &nbs...

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