How much time doing what activities do college students spend using their cell phones? A 2014 Baylor University study showed college students spend an average of 9 hours a day using their cell phones for the following activities:Cell Phone ActivityPercentageBanking2%Checking Date and Time8%Listening to Music12%Playing Games4%Reading3%Sending Emails9%Social Media18%Surfing the Internet7%Taking Photos3%Talking6%Texting18%YouTube2%Other8%(Table data stored in Cell Phone Activity).Construct a bar chart, a pie or doughnut chart, and a Pareto chart.Which graphical method do you think is best for portraying these data?What conclusions can you reach concerning how college students spend their time using cellphones?

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Asked Sep 25, 2019
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 How much time doing what activities do college students spend using their cell phones? A 2014 Baylor University study showed college students spend an average of 9 hours a day using their cell phones for the following activities:

Cell Phone Activity Percentage
Banking 2%
Checking Date and Time 8%
Listening to Music 12%
Playing Games 4%
Reading 3%
Sending Emails 9%
Social Media 18%
Surfing the Internet 7%
Taking Photos 3%
Talking 6%
Texting 18%
YouTube 2%
Other 8%

(Table data stored in Cell Phone Activity).

  1. Construct a bar chart, a pie or doughnut chart, and a Pareto chart.

  2. Which graphical method do you think is best for portraying these data?

  3. What conclusions can you reach concerning how college students spend their time using cellphones?

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Expert Answer

Step 1
  1. Constructing a bar chart, a pie or doughnut chart, and pareto chart:

We have used Excel to construct graphs.

We have entered the data in an Excel sheet, with cell phone activities in cells A2 to A14 and percentages in cells B2 to B14, with the first row containing the labels, cell phone activities and percentages.

Procedure for bar chart:

Select the data.

Insert > Columns> 2-D column.

The following output is obtained:

help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

20% 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% Bar Chart 0% Banking Playing games ding Talking Texting Youtube Social Media Percentage Taking photos Other decking date and time Listening to music Sending Emails Surfing the internet

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Step 2

Procedure for pie chart:

Select the data.

Insert > Pie> 2-D Pie.

The following output is obtained:

help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

Pie Chart Banking Checking date and time Listening to music Playing games Reading Sending Emails | Social Media Surfing the internet Taking photos

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Step 3

Procedure for Pareto chart:

Select the data.

Insert > Recommended chart &g...

help_outline

Image Transcriptionclose

Pareto Chart 20% 100% 15% 10% 5% 0% Social Media Texting Listening to... Sending Emails Checking date... Other Surfing the... Talking Playing games Taking photos Banking Youtube

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