Why is the following situation impossible? An apparatus is designed so that steam initially at T = 150°C, P = 1.00 atm, and V = 0.500 m3 in a piston–cylinder apparatus undergoes a process in which (1) the volume remains constant and the pressure drops to 0.870 atm, followed by (2) an expansion in which the pressure remains constant and the volume increases to 1.00 m3, followed by (3) a return to the initial conditions. It is important that the pressure of the gas never fall below 0.850 atm so that the piston will support a delicate and very expensive part of the apparatus. Without such support, the delicate apparatus can be severely damaged and rendered useless. When the design is turned into a working prototype, it operatesperfectly.

Question

Why is the following situation impossible? An apparatus is designed so that steam initially at T = 150°C, P = 1.00 atm, and V = 0.500 m3 in a piston–cylinder apparatus undergoes a process in which (1) the volume remains constant and the pressure drops to 0.870 atm, followed by (2) an expansion in which the pressure remains constant and the volume increases to 1.00 m3, followed by (3) a return to the initial conditions. It is important that the pressure of the gas never fall below 0.850 atm so that the piston will support a delicate and very expensive part of the apparatus. Without such support, the delicate apparatus can be severely damaged and rendered useless. When the design is turned into a working prototype, it operates
perfectly.

Expert Answer

Want to see the step-by-step answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.
Tagged in
Science
Physics

Thermodynamics

Related Physics Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: *11. ssm A spring is hanging down from the ceiling, and an object of mass m is attached to the free ...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Calculating Pressure Changes Due to Temperature ChangesSuppose your bicycle tire is fully inflated, ...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: It takes 2π radians (rad) to get around a circle, which is the same as 360°. How many radians are in...

A: It is given that ,  Therefore,  

Q: Four force vectors each have the same magnitude f. What is the largest magnitude the resultant force...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: When a 4.0-µF capacitor is connected to a generator whose rms output is 28 V, the current in the cir...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: A wheel starts from rest and rotates with constant angular acceleration to reach an angular speed of...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: An object has a position function x(t) = 5t m. (a) What is the velocity as a function of time? (b) G...

A: The velocity (v) can be obtained by taking the first-order time derivative of the position (x) funct...

Q: In the control tower at a regional airport, an air traffic controller monitors two aircraft as their...

A: For Boeing plane, The position at north-west direction be given as,

Q: Sometimes a nonreflective coating is applied to a lens, such as a camera lens. The coating has an in...

A: Given data *The given wavelength is λ = 5570 nm *The coating’s index of refraction is n = 1.35

Q: An RLC circuit has an indoctance of 5 M H and a capacitance of 5 micro F. What is the resonany frequ...

A: Given,

Q: A painting with a mass of 20 kg is suspended by two wires from a ceiling. If the wires make angles o...

A: Given data The mass of the painting is: m = 20 kg The angle made by the wire from the ceiling is A =...

Q: One mole of an ideal gas doubles its volume in a reversible isothermal expansion. (a) What is the ch...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Two 2.00-μC point charges are located on the x axis. One is at x = 1.00 m, and the other is at x = 2...

A:  

Q: On a warm day when the air temperature is 30 °C , a metal can is slowly cooled by adding bits of ice...

A: The content of moisture in air as compared to the content air can hold at that temperature is known ...

Q: A solenoid is positioned with its axis on the y-axis as shown. The current I = 10 A and its radius i...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: You are still fascinated by the process of inkjet printing, as described in the opening storyline fo...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: | The two hot-air balloons in the drawing are 48.2 and 61.0 m above the ground. A person in the left...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: A sample consisting of n moles of an ideal gas undergoes a reversible isobaric expansion from volume...

A: The change in entropy can be given by

Q: Determine the number of significant figures in the following measurements: (a) 0.0009, (b) 15,450.0,...

A:   (a)

Q: A gas follows pV = bp + cT on an isothermal curve, where p is the pressure, V is the volume, b is a ...

A: Given expression of gas on isothermal curve is,  .....(1) Where  p = Pressure  V = Volume  b = Const...

Q: (a) Find the number of moles in one cubic meter of an ideal gas at 20.0°C and atmospheric pressure. ...

A: Using the ideal gas equation, Substituting the values and solving gives

Q: A marathon runner completes a 42.188-km course in 2 h, 30 min, and 12 s. There is an uncertainty of ...

A: “Since you have posted a question with multiple sub-parts, we will solve first three sub-parts for y...

Q: You are working on a laboratory device that includes a small sphere with a large electric charge Q. ...

A: Given, The shell is placed so that the small sphere is at the exact center of the shell. Determine t...

Q: A particle with charge Q is located on the axis of a circle of radius R at a distance b from the pla...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: A beam of monochromatic light is diffracted by a slit of width 0.530 mm. The diffraction pattern for...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: A beam of 525 nm light is incident on a diffraction grating that has 420 grooves/mm. (a) Determine t...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: show that C'= C 121 90. The following figure shows a triangle formed by the three vectors A , B , an...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: A pipe is open at both ends and has a 2nd overtone of 353 Hz and speed of 353 m/s. Determine (a) the...

A: Hello. Since you have posted multiple questions and not specified which question needs to be solved,...

Q: Define thermal equilibrium and thermodynamic temperature?

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Two identical blocks resting on a frictionless, horizontal surface are connected by a light spring h...

A: It is given that,

Q: One mole of an ideal monatomic gas is confined to a rigid container. When heat is added reversibly t...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Freight trains can produce only relatively small accelerations. (a) What is the final velocity of a ...

A: The final velocity of the freight train is

Q: What is the component of the force vector G ⃗ = (3.0i ^ + 4.0j ^ + 10.0k ^ )N along the force vector...

A: Given force vectors: We have to determine component of the force vector along the force vector .

Q: Four identical charged particles (q = 110.0 μC) are located on the corners of a rectangle as shown. ...

A: (a)

Q: A car is traveling at a speed of 33 m/s. (a) What is its speed in kilometers per hour? (b) Is it exc...

A: The speed of the car travelling is  To convert kilometres per hour take,  

Q: A positice charge in the figure is moving to the right and experiences a vertical magnetic force. Wh...

A: We will use right hand rule in this problem.  According to right hand rule - When we arrange our thu...

Q: A grinding wheel is in the form of a uniform solid disk of radius 7.00 cm and mass 2.00 kg. It start...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: please give answers to all questions. because these are amall questions. it is my humble request dea...

A: Hi. Since you have uploaded multiple questions, we will solve the first question for you. If you wan...

Q: Outline the Carnot principle and its implications?

A: Carnot principle: The principle states that an irreversible heat engine operating at the same temper...

Q: A diver explores a shallow reef off the coast of Belize. She initially swims 90.0 m north, makes a t...

A: Click to see the answer

Q: A rifle of 9 kg lying on a smooth table discharges accidentally and fires a bullet of mass 11g with ...

A: Given data: The mass of rifle is, M=9 kg The mass of bullet is, m=11 kg The speed of bullet is, v=61...