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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

The distance between two carbon atoms in diamond (Figure 2) is 0.154 nm. What is this distance in picometers (pm)? In centimeters (cm)?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The distance between two carbon atoms in picometers and centimeters to be identified has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Conversion of Units:

First convert picometers to meters and then convert meters to nanometers. The process of using units to guide a calculation is called dimensional analysis.

Explanation

In picometers the distance is calculated as,

  The appropriate conversion factors: 1 pm = 1×10-12m and 1 nm = 1×10-9m.Given:0.154nm0.154 nm×10-9m1nm = 0.154×10-9m0.154×10-9 154×10-9 ×1×10-3nm or  154 nm.

The distance between two atoms is 154nm

In centimeters the distance is calculated as,

  The appropriate conversion factors: 1 pm = 1×10-12m and 1 nm = 1×10-9m

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