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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

A large block P executes horizontal simple harmonic motion as it slides across a frictionless surface with a frequency f = 1.50 Hz. Block B rests on it, as shown in Figure P13.69, and the coefficient of static friction between the two is μs = 0.600. What maximum amplitude of oscillation can the system have if block B is not to slip?

images

Figure P13.69

To determine
The maximum amplitude of oscillation the system can have for the block not to slip.

Explanation

Given info: The frequency of the harmonic motion is f=1.5Hz . The coefficient of static friction between the two blocks is μs=0.600 .

The maximum acceleration of simple harmonic motion is given by,

amax=Aω2 (1)

  • amax is the maximum acceleration
  • A is the maximum displacement
  • ω is the angular frequency

The angular frequency is given by,

ω=2πf (2)

  • f is the frequency of the oscillation

From (1) and (2),

amax=A(2πf)2 (3)

The maximum force that the block can sustain before slipping is given by,

fmax=μsn (4)

  • μs is the coefficient of static friction
  • n is the normal force on the block

The normal force on the block

n=mg (5)

  • m is the mass of the object
  • g is the free fall acceleration

From (4) and (5),

fmax=μsmg (6)

From Newton’s laws of motion, force is mass times acceleration

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