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FINANCING ALTERNATIVES The Severn Company plans to raise a net amount of $270 million to finance new equipment in early 2016. Two alternatives are being considered: Common stock may be sold to net $60 per share, or bonds yielding 12% may be issued. The balance sheet and income statement of the Severn Company prior to financing are as follows: The Severn Company: Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015 (Millions of Dollars) Current assets $ 900.00 Notes payable $ 255.00 Net fixed assets 450.00 Long-term debt (10%) 697.50 Common stock, $3 par 60.00 Retained earnings 337.50 Total assets $1,350.00 Total liabilities and equity $1,350.00 The Severn Company: Income Statement for Year Ended December 31, 2015 (Millions of Dollars) Sales $2,475.00 Operating costs 2,227.50 Earnings before interest and taxes (10%) $ 247.50 Interest on short-term debt 15.00 Interest on long-term debt 69.75 Earnings before taxes $ 162.75 Federal-plus-state taxes (40%) 65.10 Net income $ 97.65 The probability distribution for annual sales is as follows: Probability Annual Sales (Millions of Dollars) 0.30 $2,250 0.40 2,700 0.30 3,150 Assuming that EBIT equals 10% of sales, calculate earnings per share (EPS) under the debt financing and the stock financing alternatives at each possible sales level. Then calculate expected EPS and EPS under both debt and stock financing alternatives. Also calculate the debt-to-capital ratio and the times-interest-earned (TIE) ratio at the expected sales level under each alternative. The old debt will remain outstanding. Which financing method do you recommend? [Hint: Notes payable should be included in both the numerator and the denominator of the debt-to-capital ratio.]

BuyFind

Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

14th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285867977
BuyFind

Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

14th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285867977

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 14, Problem 13P
Textbook Problem

FINANCING ALTERNATIVES The Severn Company plans to raise a net amount of $270 million to finance new equipment in early 2016. Two alternatives are being considered: Common stock may be sold to net $60 per share, or bonds yielding 12% may be issued. The balance sheet and income statement of the Severn Company prior to financing are as follows:

The Severn Company: Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015

(Millions of Dollars)

Current assets $ 900.00 Notes payable $ 255.00
Net fixed assets 450.00 Long-term debt (10%) 697.50
Common stock, $3 par 60.00
Retained earnings 337.50
Total assets $1,350.00 Total liabilities and equity $1,350.00

The Severn Company: Income Statement for Year Ended December 31, 2015

(Millions of Dollars)

Sales $2,475.00
Operating costs 2,227.50
Earnings before interest and taxes (10%) $ 247.50
Interest on short-term debt 15.00
Interest on long-term debt 69.75
Earnings before taxes $ 162.75
Federal-plus-state taxes (40%) 65.10
Net income $ 97.65

The probability distribution for annual sales is as follows:

Probability Annual Sales (Millions of Dollars)
0.30 $2,250
0.40 2,700
0.30 3,150

Assuming that EBIT equals 10% of sales, calculate earnings per share (EPS) under the debt financing and the stock financing alternatives at each possible sales level. Then calculate expected EPS and EPS under both debt and stock financing alternatives. Also calculate the debt-to-capital ratio and the times-interest-earned (TIE) ratio at the expected sales level under each alternative. The old debt will remain outstanding. Which financing method do you recommend? [Hint: Notes payable should be included in both the numerator and the denominator of the debt-to-capital ratio.]

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