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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Is 1-pentanol a primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol? Why or why not?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Whether 1-pentanol is primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

An organic compound in which hydroxyl functional group that is -OH is bonded to the carbon atom is said to be an alcohol. The general formula for alcohol is Cn H2 n + 1 OH. Based on the attachment to the carbon the alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a primary carbon atom (carbon atom to which one carbon atom is attached) then such alcohol is said to be a primary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a secondary carbon atom (carbon atom to which two carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a secondary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a tertiary carbon atom (carbon atom to which three carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a tertiary alcohol.

Explanation

The structure of 1-pentanol is:

Based on the attachment to the carbon the alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a primary carbon atom (carbon atom to which one carbon atom is attached) then such alcohol is said to be a primary alcohol...

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Ch-20 P-3ALQCh-20 P-4ALQCh-20 P-5ALQCh-20 P-6ALQCh-20 P-1QAPCh-20 P-2QAPCh-20 P-3QAPCh-20 P-4QAPCh-20 P-5QAPCh-20 P-6QAPCh-20 P-7QAPCh-20 P-8QAPCh-20 P-9QAPCh-20 P-10QAPCh-20 P-11QAPCh-20 P-12QAPCh-20 P-13QAPCh-20 P-14QAPCh-20 P-15QAPCh-20 P-16QAPCh-20 P-17QAPCh-20 P-18QAPCh-20 P-19QAPCh-20 P-20QAPCh-20 P-21QAPCh-20 P-22QAPCh-20 P-23QAPCh-20 P-24QAPCh-20 P-25QAPCh-20 P-26QAPCh-20 P-27QAPCh-20 P-28QAPCh-20 P-29QAPCh-20 P-30QAPCh-20 P-31QAPCh-20 P-32QAPCh-20 P-33QAPCh-20 P-34QAPCh-20 P-35QAPCh-20 P-36QAPCh-20 P-37QAPCh-20 P-38QAPCh-20 P-39QAPCh-20 P-40QAPCh-20 P-41QAPCh-20 P-42QAPCh-20 P-43QAPCh-20 P-44QAPCh-20 P-45QAPCh-20 P-46QAPCh-20 P-47QAPCh-20 P-48QAPCh-20 P-49QAPCh-20 P-50QAPCh-20 P-51QAPCh-20 P-52QAPCh-20 P-53QAPCh-20 P-54QAPCh-20 P-55QAPCh-20 P-56QAPCh-20 P-57QAPCh-20 P-58QAPCh-20 P-59QAPCh-20 P-60QAPCh-20 P-61QAPCh-20 P-62QAPCh-20 P-63QAPCh-20 P-64QAPCh-20 P-65QAPCh-20 P-66QAPCh-20 P-67QAPCh-20 P-68QAPCh-20 P-69QAPCh-20 P-70QAPCh-20 P-71QAPCh-20 P-72QAPCh-20 P-73QAPCh-20 P-74QAPCh-20 P-75QAPCh-20 P-76QAPCh-20 P-77QAPCh-20 P-78QAPCh-20 P-79QAPCh-20 P-80QAPCh-20 P-81QAPCh-20 P-82QAPCh-20 P-83QAPCh-20 P-84QAPCh-20 P-85QAPCh-20 P-86QAPCh-20 P-87QAPCh-20 P-88QAPCh-20 P-89APCh-20 P-90APCh-20 P-91APCh-20 P-92APCh-20 P-93APCh-20 P-94APCh-20 P-95APCh-20 P-96APCh-20 P-97APCh-20 P-98APCh-20 P-99APCh-20 P-100APCh-20 P-101APCh-20 P-102APCh-20 P-103APCh-20 P-104APCh-20 P-105APCh-20 P-106APCh-20 P-107APCh-20 P-108APCh-20 P-109APCh-20 P-110APCh-20 P-111APCh-20 P-112APCh-20 P-113APCh-20 P-114APCh-20 P-115APCh-20 P-116APCh-20 P-117APCh-20 P-118APCh-20 P-119APCh-20 P-120APCh-20 P-121APCh-20 P-122APCh-20 P-123APCh-20 P-124APCh-20 P-125APCh-20 P-126APCh-20 P-127APCh-20 P-128APCh-20 P-129APCh-20 P-130APCh-20 P-131APCh-20 P-132APCh-20 P-133APCh-20 P-134APCh-20 P-135APCh-20 P-136APCh-20 P-137APCh-20 P-138APCh-20 P-139APCh-20 P-140APCh-20 P-141APCh-20 P-142CPCh-20 P-143CPCh-20 P-144CPCh-20 P-145CPCh-20 P-146CPCh-20 P-147CP

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