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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Explain why the boiling points of alcohols are much higher than those of alkanes with similar molecular masses.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Why the boiling points of alcohols are higher than those of alkanes with the similar molecular mass has to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Alcohol is an organic compound that has hydroxyl as its functional group.  Alcohols contain both nonpolar and polar groups in it.  Hydroxyl group is the polar group and the alkyl group is the nonpolar group.  Physical properties of alcohol depend on which of the two groups dominate.

Boiling point depends upon hydrogen bonding in alcohols.

Explanation

Alcohols have a hydroxyl group present in its structure.  This is a polar group that is absent in alkane.  Due to the presence of this hydroxyl group, hydrogen bonding occurs in alcohols...

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