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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

For which values of x is the ketone name x-methyl-3-pentanone a correct IUPAC name?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The values of x in the given ketone name has to be identified in order to obtain the correct IUPAC name.

Concept Introduction:

For naming a ketone in IUPAC nomenclature, the suffix “-one” is added to the parent alkane name.

IUPAC rules for naming a ketone:

  • • The longest parent carbon chain is identified that includes the carbonyl group.
  • • The parent chain name is changed by replacing the suffix “-e” with “-one”.
  • • Numbering is done in a way that the carbonyl group gets the least numbering.  The position of the carbonyl group is indicated in the name.
  • • The identity and location of substituents if any has to be determined and this information has to be added in front of the IUPAC name.
  • • Cyclic ketones are named by adding the suffix “-one” to the name of the carbon ring.  The substituents are numbered so that it gets the least numbering starting from the carbonyl group that is given the number 1.
Explanation

Given ketone name is x-methyl-3-pentanone.  To find the value of “x” in the given name, the structure of 3-pentanone has to be drawn as shown below,

The numbering has to be given in a way that the carbonyl carbon atom gets number 3.  This can be shown as,

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