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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The amine salt produced from the reaction of ethyl amine with HCl has the structural formula

  1. a. CH 3 CH 2 N + H 2  Cl
  2. b. CH 3 CH 2 N + H 3  Cl
  3. c. NH4+ CH3—CH2—Cl
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula of the salt that is produced by reaction between ethylamine and HCl has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given reaction is a reaction between ethylamine and HCl.  This is an amine‑acid reaction.  The product formed is an amine salt.  Hydrogen ion is gained by the nitrogen atom present in ethylamine.  The reaction can be given as,

Hence, option (b) is a correct one.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the amine salt that is produced when ethylamine reacts with HCl is CH3CH2N+H2Cl

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