Qualitative Article:A Women 's Place is in the Home: Females and Residential BurglaryThis article uses a qualitative research method. Qualitative research involves analyzing and interpreting texts and interviews in order to discover meaningful patterns descriptive of a particular phenomenon (Adler & Clarke, 2008, p.13.). The method has been adopted to investigate the research question. The research question is; what involvement do women have in residential burglaries. This research question is analysed by comparing female characteristics with their male counterparts and, through primary investigation, into the roles female burglars play during offences.
The article contains two literature reviews summarising previous studies relating to …show more content…
The data also demonstrated that a women 's involvement in residential burglary is diverse. For example, in the interviews, the subjects roles ranged from primary roles exclusively, some adopted secondary roles exclusively, and others moved from one type of role to another as they became more experienced.
The study results suggested that further examinations need to be made, in future research, into the apparent differences between man and women 's involvement in residential burglary to confirm the results concluded from the data. The qualitative data presented was clear in attempting to understand and answer the research question, what are women 's involvements in residential burglaries, but did not answer the question conclusively.
Although, the study has social policy implications as, there is limited research and theoretical explanations on female criminality.
Quantitative Article:CO-OFFENDING AND THE CHOICE OF TARGET AREAS IN BURGLARYBy Wim BernascoThis article employs a quantitative research method using empirical studies, statistics and graphs (Adler & Clarke, 2008, p.15). The researcher used quantitative research techniques to yield precise and accurate information to answer the devised research question (Adler & Clarke, 2008, p14). There research questions is; what are the effects of co-offending based on the choice of target areas by burglars in
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Statistically women commit quite a bit less crime in almost every category especially violent crimes. Many people wonder why this is the case because we are all people and it shouldn 't matter that much. Though every year this doesn’t seem to change. So I will be discussing some of the reasons why this is the case in this paper and uncovering some causes.
Scarce research is available on active offenders due to their unwillingness to corporate with researchers and past and convicted offenders may have changed their perspectives after being convicted or left their lifestyle of crime. The most reliable data on these offenses and their perpetrators may come from active burglars themselves. Richard T. Wright and Scott Decker’s book, Burglars on the Job seeks to explain the reasons why burglars commit the crimes they do. They have taken their research to another level by gaining the trust of active offenders in the St. Louis area and gaining inside knowledge of these criminals’ daily lives and their crimes. This paper will address
Theories that relate to gender norms as the cause of deviance of women take off from the view that the power relations in society which is dominated by men result to pushing women into deviant behavior through victimization, role entrapment, and economic marginality (Seguino 2007). It is the case that for sociologists coming from this perspective, gender norms bring about inequality. And such inequality plays a crucial role into leading women into deviant behavior. Studies have shown that struggling on the streets leads to other offenses and crimes (Chesney Lind 1989) and this includes prostitution and drug-dealing (English
#2 Discuss three different social patterns regarding subculture and crime, i.e., who are more likely to be perpetrators? Victims? Who is most likely to be incarcerated? What crimes are females more likely to commit than males? What is the “gender contract”?
Throughout the novel Burglars on the Job: Streetlife and Residential Beak-ins, the authors Richard T. Wright and Scott Decker study the interactions of those who are within the subculture of being burglars and how, why and who they commit these offenses toward. Within this paper we will be discussing the relationship of Merton's anomie theory and how this theory correlates to the acts and motivation of the individuals to accomplish the ability to acquire the means of society. Also we will be evaluating these individuals by explaining Hirschi's social bonds theory allowing this to help us better understand those who have personal relationships and what effects this has on the
Males, especially working class males, are responsible for more crime than females, and are disproportionately over represented in crime statistics (“Intersectionalities II”, February 22, 2017). However, when girls are involved in crime this normalization of boys involved in crime creates the notion that “boys will be boys and girls will be good”, therefore authorities and society view girls who deviate as having something wrong with them, usually offered treatment as a probational order by judges (“Intersectionalities II”, February 22, 2017). The offences girls are most likely to be arrested for are, more notably, prostitution, running away from home, and curfew violations (Chesney-Lind and Sheldon, 2004), by girls are also are sentenced much more harshly than boys for these
In the UK females hold over half the population but yet have always played a lesser role in crime statistics. This has been a pattern seen throughout the last century with statistics, the criminal justice system and crime remaining male dominated. This
The initial experimental group was made up of 47 residential burglars who participated in the study in St. Louis, Missouri. The majority of the subjects were considered to be career burglars for the most part. All subjects thought of themselves as active burglars at the time of the study. The control group of subjects was made up of 34 individuals and was taken from community centers with mainly poor and unemployed individuals. First there was a line of questioning during interview to assess whether they have participated or were familiar with property crime and burglary. The characteristics included in the study included race, gender, and age. The two groups did not differ in age and race and sex were evenly shown in summarization.
It appears from current trends that the rates of crime committed on part of female violators is trending higher as compared to that of male counterparts that comprise the population starting in the year 2000 with female prison population rising to 2.2% verses that of male prison incarceration numbers being only 1.6% in comparison (Sipes, 2012). However it should be noted that the total number of actual prisoners of males is estimated to be 1.5 million with only 113,000 being women or just 14% of the total prison
Female Criminality consists of several outdated statistics regarding the rise of female offending. However, in viewing the current research on the subject, it appears that the overall theme of this dissertation's discussion is still relevant despite changes in the accompanying statistics as seen in viewing the following topics: the rise in female offending; the continual rise that females are committing more crimes than men; and the types of crimes that women are committing. In viewing Bruce Gross's 2009 article, "Battle of the Sexes: The Nature of Female Delinquency," as well as Elizabeth Cauffman's 2008 article, "Understanding the Female Offender," one can begin to see where current statistics regarding the female criminal lie.
According to Lilly, Cullen, and Ball (232) Feminist theory has been on the back burner of modern criminology until the late 19th century. As with the other criminology theories there are many thoughts and ideas on why females commit crimes. In the beginning the theories seem to revolve around the victimization of the female gender. Then criminologist took a look at female delinquency, prostitution, and gender inequality in the criminal justice system. Lilly (233) wrote that Lombroso used physiological traits to determine what type of women would commit crime. Lombroso also argued that the women that committed the most crime were more masculine then the women who did not commit crime. He used physiological immobility, and passivity to make the argument. Lilly (235) also wrote that Sigmund Freud believed the reason women committed crime was because they has “penis envy”. Since women were physical different than men, women would become more aggressive trying to act like the male counterpart in order to fit in with the status quo.
First of all, the beginning of this essay will explore the characteristics of the types of offenders who partake in committing distraction burglary. It is important to note that distraction burglary is a male
Gender is clearly one of the major factors in the causes of crime as men commit far more crimes than women. “90% of those found guilty are men.” – the poverty site
The social process and traditional structure theory explained why female crime rates are rather lower than males. The social process theory tend to explain the traditional crime with regards to differential opportunity to lean criminal techniques and values. The use of the traditional theory shows evidence in which considered the overlap on the causes of crimes committed by both genders. Studies shows that both male and female offenders that came in contact with the criminal justice system often came from a social background that are typically of low socioeconomic status, poorly educated, under or unemployed, and minority groups (Steffensmeir and Allan, 1995). The only difference between male and female offenders is, female