Advantages And Disadvantages Of Telecommuting At Three Different Levels : The Individual, Organizational, And Societal Level Essay

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The article highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the phenomenon of telecommuting at three different levels: the individual, organizational, and societal level. First, Harpaz explains that telecommuting does not have single definition because of “the sheer number of tasks that can now be carried out remotely-and the number of ways in which this can be achieved” (Harpaz, 2002, pp. 74-75). Although, telecommuting has no single definition according to Harpaz, one underlying understanding is that telecommuting in the today’s society is accelerated by the development of online technological devices (Harpaz, 2002). Next, Harpaz provides lists the advantages and disadvantages of telecommuting at the individual level and provides brief explanations for them. For example, autonomy/independence is an advantage that allows “the individual’s control over work [to] occur more freely and naturally” (Harpaz, 2002, p. 75). In conclusion, Harpaz asks rhetorical questions that should be used to identify the type of individuals and jobs that are suitable for electronic work (e-work). Specifically, he asks about individual personality variables for workers and managers of telecommuting jobs in order to determine to guarantee the success of telecommuting jobs. Analysis of source (Does this source pass the CRAAP test? Explain.) The information in this journal is reliable because the author, Itzhak Harpaz, is the director of the center of study of organizations and human resource

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