Agriculture is the basis of the world’s food supply. In some areas of the world challenges presented by geography, climate, economic instability and government regulations cause agriculture to fall short of the needs of the population. Today hunger affects people throughout the world, and aid and relief programs are not meeting the entirety of demonstrated need. Localized agricultural standard worldwide are the key to a sustainable and geopolitical solution to world hunger.
Undernutrition as a result of hunger causes a deficiency of key nutrients which leads to severe health complications. The World Health Organization (WHO) classified vitamin A deficiency as a health problem for one third of children of ages up to 5 years old in 2013, …show more content…
Recently, financial and economic crises have pushed more people into hunger.” Government policies, even those not concerning hunger issues, are leading to increased problems in agricultural production. The effects of the policies often have monetary implications, which leads to the inability to obtain food, and are not always directly related to farming. Since agriculture is the main local combatant of hunger these policies are extremely harmful to the local populations. In The State of Food Insecurity in the World by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, provided a case study on Ghana which states: “Ghana’s currency lost about 30 percent of its value… means higher import costs for food, fuel and fertilizers, as well as higher debt repayments...Household purchasing power has been reduced as a result of lower prices for selected cash crops, declining remittances and rising inflation, including of food prices.” Financial depressions severely affects any person 's ability to obtain food. In countries where agriculture is difficult and on the decline already, new measures need to be taken.
Agricultural challenges in certain regions (especially Sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean and Asia) correlate with poverty and hunger rates . In the How to Feed the World publication, The special challenge for sub-Saharan Africa, it
However, some believe, that a shift in the way we produce food may have some unintended consequences. They contend that poverty in nations such as Africa and Asia, is caused by the low productivity of the unindustrialized farm labor. The U.S. Agriculture Department projects, without reform, there will be over a thirty percent increase in the numbers of the ‘food insecure’ people in those nations over the next decade (Paarlberg 179).
Throughout time, humans have pushed forward in every aspect in life in order to improve their living standards, wealth and most importantly the agricultural sector which is the base of every human race. Food is the basic requirement for any individual to stay alive and healthy. In an article by Tamsin McMahon, she states that over the past 60 years, the world population has grown from 2.5 billion to 7 billion while world hunger dropped from 40% down to 15% (McMahon T., July 2012). This shows that our agricultural advances through technology have helped control world hunger and decrease it by more than half, but this is a short-term solution if we want to consider the future generations that depend on our current actions toward the three main pillars of agriculture which are: Health and nutrition, Economy and sustainability all while considering the local small farms and corporate farms.
Food production in Africa has to be improved dramatically. There is a food deficit as agricultural development has not reached its full potential yet. African farmers today use almost no fertilizer and only 4 percent of their cropland has been irrigated (Paarlberg, 2010). African governments should take on the role of investing into the development of agriculture in the region. It is surprising that while 60 percent of the population depends on the farming sector, the government only invests 5 percent of its budget on agriculture (Paarlberg,
The availability of food is based on the amount and quality of the food produced. The DRC agricultural industry supports ⅔ of the population, and is split into two sectors: subsistence and commercial. Four million families rely on subsistence farming to produce manioc, corn and tubers. What’s left of commercial farmers, concentrate on producing the export orientated food, but the DRC does not have much of a commercial sector because of the war, which has deteriorated the infrastructure of the market.
and hunger remains the enormous challenge. Then, an inevitable question arises as to whether the persistence of poverty was well-defined. FAO (2015) also have noticed that extreme poverty mainly occurs in rural areas where the majority of poor people depend on agriculture. The condition of relying on agriculture means that primary source of food and income for those poor people come from agriculture that they have made. Unfortunately, agriculture was not prioritized at the goal and target levels. Agriculture was mentioned at the indicator level under target three of goal eight (Develop a Global Partnership for Development). It was set to measure market access, which was seen as a huge gap that agriculture was overlooked in the MDGs.
Global Food Security is an important resource in our day-to-day lives. Over the past century research has marked that the growth of food production is dramatically decreasing. A proportion of the world’s people are starving due to the lack of sufficient protein and energy from their diets. Many suffer from a form of micronutrient malnourishment. As a result many question “ how can the world double the availability of food? How best feed the world?” (de Landgrafft, 2014).
Global food security has become one of the most prominent issues of the decade, as the world’s population, and thus the number of mouths to feed, is expected to reach 9.1 billion people by 2050. Despite growing income levels and overall economic growth, India continues to be one country that is severely affected by food insecurity, with a steady decline in calorie consumption per capita and a rise in levels of the population that have become food-insecure. Due to this confusing and contradictory nature of India’s food security condition, it has become significant in the realm of global food stability. Identifying the major reasons for food insecurity and the uneven impacts associated with food production in India, as well as opportunities for improvement within the country, are essential in hopes of understanding the nature of the global food crisis. While there are undoubtedly several reasons for current threats to food security, a close examination of the current social, economic, and environmental status of India demonstrates that a lack of crop diversification, climate change, and increasing westernization of Indian agricultural systems are three major contributors.
The first, most important problem in the sustaining food is a food crisis and world hunger, because prices are rising every year and problems for farmers and everyone. There are many farmers who operate in a globalized world. In their efforts, to contribute more to sustain the food, they also go through several challenges to secure the future of their farms and living. Farmers are having many problems due to global warming, flood disaster or no rain at all. Because of those natural disasters farmers are having a grueling time growing foods like, grains, maize, and other vegetables. In the result, this kind of problems
Agriculture is an indispensable reality for promoting livelihood for the majority of the population in developing countries and the fact is that agricultural growth is a fundamental pre-requisite for widespread poverty reduction in developing countries. It plays a crucial and a multidimensional role in the development process. In addition to its role of providing livelihood, agriculture also plays a paramount role in promoting economic growth through production and consumption linkages by generating export earnings, labour, capital and domestic demand to support growth in other sectors (Johnston &
The objective of this report is to analyse two different approaches to increasing food security, while the first one will focus on the impacts of a fairer trading in Ethiopia to increasing food access, the second approach aims at analysing a possible agricultural model that will increase the field use in East Africa.
Agriculture constitutes about one-third of GDP and provides employment for about two-thirds of the labor force in Sub-Saharan Africa. Productivity growth in agriculture is therefore an important element for economic growth and development. Yet, growth in this sector has been slow. According to the World Bank (1989), agricultural growth for the continent from 1980 to 1989 averaged only 1.8% per year. Therefore, “improving this growth rate is of increasing concern for both governments and international organizations” (Pinckney 1995). Investing in the human capital base is regarded as one of the most effective ways to improve agricultural productivity (Nelson and Phelps, 1966; Romer, 1990; Bindlish and Evenson, 1997; Birdsall et al., 1999).
(Hennie Swanepoel and Frik De Beer,Introduction to Development studies 1st Edition1997)”mentioned that malnutrition has a number of serious effects on human beings and their ability to live a productive life. There are different types of malnutrition. There are direct effects and indirect effects that influence the health of the people. Direct effects are Protein energy malnutrition, vitamin deficiency, iodine deficiency and Anaemia and indirect effects is mortality from other diseases attributed to mild or moderate underweight and mortality from other diseases attributed to vitamin A deficiency. (Regan C 80:20 development in an unequal world :) mentioned that malnourishment and undernourishment can affect people for their entire lives. A malnourished individual may grow up with physical or cognitive disabilities and face a life of hardship assaults such disabilities also have a debilitating affect upon a country’s workforce and subsequently its economic productivity. Malnourishment and undernourished has made a very bad impact in our country. For example: from the previous years there are parents who never took their kids for immunisation and also they never give them a proper
However, even with introduction of peasant masses, the rural areas of Zambia continue to be poverty-stricken, and food production on a larger scale faces severe constraints, which includes lack of production assets and inputs, limited irrigation infrastructure and missing governmental extension
Food production is the base for food security (Swaminathan and Bhavani, 2013). Food security, both in terms of availability and access to food, poses a challenge to rapidly growing populations, in environments of dwindling land and water resources. India's population is growing faster than its ability to produce rice and wheat (Sengupta, 2008). Although India is a major producer of horticultural crops, many Indians are unable to obtain their daily requirement of fruits and vegetables and the Human Development Index (HDI) is very low. Considerable quantities of fruits and vegetables produced in India go to waste owing to