Airline Deregulation Act Of 1978 Signed

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INTRODUCTION Airline deregulation was the process of removing the government imposed regulations on the entry of new airlines as well the airline fare limiting the competition and growth of the airline industry. In the United States, airline deregulation mainly refers to the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 signed by President Carter. President Carter signed the Act, but the act was proposed initially during Nixon’s administration, and carried through Ford administration. The airlines industry was growing dramatically during 1960s and mid-1970s. Due to the steady increase in air travel, and strict regulations imposed by the Civil Aeronautics Board, the industry faced three major difficulties- lack of free and stable market, high ticket prices leading to poor productivity, and rising labor and fuel costs. Airlines have adopted many new strategies ever since the industry has been deregulated. The path since the deregulation has been challenging, as the airlines have faced various hurdles such as terrorism, war, recession, high fuel prices over the years impacting the economic structure of the United States. These challenges have raised the question concerning whether the deregulation should be considered or even reversed. I will start with providing a short history about the deregulation process of the airline industry, in the next section. The history will assist in understanding the free market that exists today. In the third section, I will explain the key factors behind

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