ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER Also known as: ADHD WHAT IS ADHD? ADHD is a behavioral disorder that affects about 10% of school-aged children. Boys are more likely than girls to be diagnosed with it. Children with ADHD act without thinking, are hyperactive, and have trouble focusing. They may understand what is anticipated of them but have trouble following through because they can’t sit still, pay attention or focus on details. All children, act this way at times, particularly when they 're anxious or excited. But the difference with ADHD is that symptoms are present over a longer period of time and happen in different settings. They hurt a child 's ability to function socially, academically, and at home. TYPES OF ADHD ADHD can be classified into three different subtypes, each with its own symptoms and behaviors: Subtype 1: An Inattentive Type: Children with subtype 1, have trouble paying attention to detail, tendency to make careless mistakes in schoolwork or other activities. They have trouble focusing on specific tasks or activities. They have trouble listening, following directions, and problems with organization. Subtype 1 children have a tendency to lose things easily, avoid or dislike tasks that require mental effort and tend to be very forgetful. Subtype 2: A Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: Children with subtype 2, have trouble with fidgeting or squirming, which makes it very difficult for them to remain seated for long periods of time. Subtype 2 children
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The increase academic and social demands of formal schooling, as well as stricter standards for behavior control often illuminate the problems of the child with ADHD. Elementary school teachers typically report that this type of child has difficulty in working independently, completing seat work, and organizing work. Restlessness and distractibility are also very common. These problems are more likely to be observed in repetitive or taxing tasks, or tasks the child perceives to be boring, such as completing worksheets or doing homework.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly found disorder in children in the United States. Statistics show that the male to female ratio for children with ADHD is eight to one. 4.4 million Children between the ages four to seventeen have diagnosed with ADHD (Cheng Tina L et al.). African American children are at a higher risk for having ADHD. Caucasian children are least likely to have ADHD. 2.5 million children receive medication for ADHD, but African American children are half as likely as Caucasian children to take ADHD medication(Cheng Tina L et al.). If African American children do not take medication for ADHD the child will most likely do drugs, drop out of school, or find it harder to receive a job when they get older. There is not cure for children who have ADHD, but there is medication children can take to decrease their hyperactive and impulsive symptoms. Adderall, Methylin, Concerta, and Focalin are some of the medications given for children who have ADHD. Methylphenidate is the most common medication prescribed by physicians for ADHD. “Methylphenidate takes effects within fifteen minutes of taking it and lasts between four and twelve hours a day.” (Hughes, Katsiyannis, and Ryan). Although medication is out there for the children to take, some of the medication given haves negative side effects. ADHD is not preventable. Parents should not only avoid drinking, smoking, or doing any other type of drugs to prevent ADHD, but also to prevent
According to the National Institute of Mental Health as known as NIMH, ADHD has three subtypes. First on is pre-dominantly hyperactive-impulsive, which at least six or more of its symptoms are in hyperactivity-impulsive category, and inattention might be
Describe the child’s temperament, judgment, level of self-awareness, impulsivity, and learning/processing style. Is there a developmental disability? How do these influence the child’s behavior and the responses of caregivers, teachers and other involved professionals?
For a child with these struggles they may have a combined diagnosis with one or more of these difficulties however there may be an underlining problem as well. Children with inappropriate behaviour, disruptive behaviour or emotionally up or down might be put in this banding too.
A disability that many people are faced with is ADHD. ADHD is usually developed as a child and some people have it forever while others it could last until they are adults. People who have it tend to talk too much, affects their behavior, forgets or lose things, has a hard time getting along with people, and falls into temptation easily (CDC). Determining what your symptoms are can help you figure out what type of ADHD you might have. There are three different types of ADHD and they are predominantly inattentive Presentation, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation, and combined type. Predominantly Inattentive Presentation is when someone has a difficult time completing a task or following directions and are too distracted to remember their daily routines. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation is when someone is fidgety, talks a lot, can’t sit still and may injure self or others by the behavior. Combination type is when you have Predominantly Inattentive Presentation and Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD which is often referred to as childhood hyperactivity, it 's a severe and chronic disorder for children. It is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders, and affects 3% to 5% of the school-age population. Boys outnumber girls three or more to one. Children with ADHD can experience many behavioral difficulties that often manifest in the form of inattention, being easily distracted, being impulsive, and hyperactivity. As a result, children with ADHD may develop emotional, social, developmental, academic, and family problems because of the frustrations and problems they are constantly experiencing. (Shea)
The DSM – IV – TR (APA, 2000) described two subtypes of the disorder which was identified to be caused by pathogenic care as evidenced by persistent disregard of the child’s emotional and physical needs (Corbin, 2007, p. 540). The subtypes are:
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is a neurobehavioral disorder that affects school aged children with a high degree of inattention, excessive hyperactivity, impulsivity or a combination of any of these. In order for a child to be diagnosed with ADHD, there must be two different environments in which the child has displayed his or her symptoms and it must occur before the child is twelve years of age (Halter, 2014). Children have a high comorbidity level with developmental, learning and psychiatric problems. There are three types of ADHD; inattentive type, hyperactive-impulsive type and combination type. With inattentive type the child displays disorganization, is unable to complete tasks, becomes easily bored, and
According to Foley (2010), children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder were categorized into two groups with nine behaviors associated with each category of ADHD. Behaviors with the inattentive category include failing to pay attention, and making careless mistakes, difficulty keeping that attention, not following through or listening, difficulty organizing, low task persistence, easily distracted, forgetful and losing things. Behaviors associated with the category of hyperactivity include a child being out of their seat and fidgeting, running and climbing excessively,
Think of times you have observed preschool children. Did many of these students exhibit characteristics similar to those used to identify students with ADHD? Have you observed a young child who exhibited these behaviors at such an extreme level that you thought he or she might be identified with ADHD?
There are three main types of ADHD. They are the primarily inattentive type, primarily hyperactive-impulsive type and the combined type. A child with the inattentive type fails to pay attention to details and gets easily distracted and tends to daydream on a day to day basis. On the other hand the hyperactive-impulsive type makes it hard for the child to stay still for long. Mostly this child would jump or climb things in inappropriate occasions. The most common type of ADHD is the combined type. This type is characterized by both impulsive behavior and hyperactivity, and inattention and distraction.