Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

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According to Xin, Yu and Shaver (2014:205) “attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ADHD is a developmental neuropsychiatrie disorder with a variety of symptoms ranging from attentional impairments, impulsivity and motor overactivity.” ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed childhood disorders. (W Xin, J Yu and D Shaver, 2014)
Dilawari and Tripathi (2013:365) from Indian Journal maintain that “his disorder has been described neither as a disease nor as an emotional disorder but a cluster of personality traits that appear normally in all children but more intensely in some children.”
ADHD can be classified into two categories, namely inattention and a combination of hyperactive and impulsive behaviour. (Dilawari & Tripathi, 2013)
Boys were
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(Dilawari & Tripathi, 2013)
Modification of tasks could involve reducing the task length, dividing the task into subunits and setting goals for the child to complete in shorter time intervals, using more stimulation (colours or textures), giving clear instructions and modifying how you deliver and the method of instruction depending on the learners individual learning style. (Dilawari & Tripathi, 2013). Dilawari and Tripathi (2013:367) claim that these methods “focus on increasing the structure and organisation of the childs environment, making goals and tasks appear more manageable to reduce frustration and increase persistence, and increasing relevant stimulation to help sustain attention.”
Choice making allows the child a certain level of individual decision-making and allows the child to have personal control over the nature of that task. (Dilawari & Tripathi, 2013)
The way a child with ADHD behaviours changes as a child grows up. (Henderson, 2008). A preschool child could show signs of gross motor overactivity – always climbing or running and always switching from one activity to the next. (Henderson, 2008). Slightly older children could be very restless having to sit for too long and may start to play with their tables, chairs or anything else they can find. (Henderson, 2008) They may also always struggle to finish their
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