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Carbohydrates as Macronutrients in Relation to Protein and Fat for Body Weight Control

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Astrup A. 2006. Carbohydrates as macronutrients in relation to protein and fat for body weight control. International Journal of Obesity [Internet]. Cited 2013 September 20. Available from: http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/v30/n3s/full/0803485a.html

• Women's Health Initiative dietary trial concluded that those who participated in a fat reduction diet, which is decreasing dietary fat by 37-27% of total calories, lost 3-5 kg of weight and kept a lower body weight in the span of 9 years compared to individuals participating in a normal fat diet
• Driving force behind the diet is providing greater amounts of food for less calories, which allows the individual to feel full without consuming excess calories.
• Glucose in solid food
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Lastly, since glucose in solid foods provides the same amount of satiation as starch, we will feed the hamsters solid foods containing glucose instead of liquid foods containing glucose, so they will feel full at the same as they would if they were consuming starch, as well as to prevent them from consuming more food than required.

Source 2
Alexaki A, Wilson TA, Atallah MT, Handelman G, Nicolosi RJ. 2004. Hamsters fed diets high in saturated fat have increased cholesterol accumulation and cytokine production in the aortic arch compared with cholesterol-fed hamsters with moderately elevated plasma non-hdl cholesterol concentrations. The Journal of Nutrition [Internet]. [2004 Feb 1, cited 2013 September 20] 134:410-415. Available from: http://jn.nutrition.org/content/134/2/410.long
• 36 Golden Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) were fed a diet comprising of 20g/100g hydrogenated coconut oil without cholesterol and 36 hamsters were fed a diet consisting of cocoa butter containing cholesterol for a duration of 10 weeks.
• After the duration, plasma was gathered from the famished hamsters for plasma lipid testing and then ordered according to their plasma VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein) and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol concentrations. Hamsters with cholesterol concentrations exceeding 1.86 mmol/L were put into the Medium group and ones with concentrations that were lower than 1.86 mmol were placed in the Low group for
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