Causes And Treatment Of Cervical Cancer

1335 Words Apr 22nd, 2016 6 Pages
INTRODUCTION
Cervical cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the cervix or cervix uteri. Cervical cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in females worldwide with over 527,000 new cases 1,2 and perhaps the second most common cancer among women in the third world countries 3-5 It accounts for 9% of the total new cancer cases and 8% (more than 265,000) of the total cancer deaths among females.1,2 More than 80% of these cases and deaths occur in developing countries.1-4
Although cancer of the cervix is known to be a preventable cancer, it still remains one of the major causes of cancer deaths in females under 60 years old.1,2 In developed regions, the majority of countries rank cervical cancer fifth or higher.2 However, among women below the age of 45 in up to 90% of all countries, including developed and less developed regions, cervical cancer remains one of the leading cancers.1,2 For instances, in the United States, cancer of the cervix is the 5th most common malignance among females aged thirty-five to fifty-four.4 Over 12,000 women in the US were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2013 and more than four thousand deaths from cancer of the cervix.6-8 Most of these women were younger than 55. Cervical cancer is rare in women under 20 years old.9,10 The following sections will begin with a background of the topic to provide a rationale for the study, research aim and significance…
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