The expected stage of social development at the age of 4 years old is that children would be with other children, playing with and they start to understand the differences in people and their needs and so are able to get jealous and express anger whilst talking as well as physically and knows how to be creative.
The expected stage of social development for age 5 years old is that children will start to understand that having friends is good and they like to play more than being alone. They also enjoy playing in groups and participating in co-operative activities with others.
A suitable method for observing and recording the social development of 5 years old is a narrative observation/ description. A narrative observation is where the person observing a child writes down everything that the child says or does. However, when observing a child you as a practitioner will need to keep the observation professional by not writing anything biased, such as your opinion on the child.
An advantage of narrative observation is that you "can catch unexpected incidents no matter when it occurs." (www.irenelaw.net).
A disadvantage of narrative observation is that any incident that occurs during the observation could be misunderstood and lead to giving a biased conclusion of the child.
The main influences that may affect the social development of children could be a child going to a new school. This could affect their social development because it can stress
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The expected pattern of children’s early years development from 0-5 years consists of Physical, Intellectual and Social and Emotional development. Children aged 0-5 years are expected to be able to walk, talk and interact with other children and adults by the time they are aged 5. Social Development is where a child learns to interact with other people and how to behave in different social situations and how to understand other people 's feelings and their own feelings and how to manage them.
A child’s environment, for example, their family or school play a huge part in their development. Some of the main factors that influence a child’s development are their family, where the child lives, and socio-economic status. These factors often cross over and blend as they are related.
7-14 years --- By this stage, children have stable friendships, enthusiasm when given areas of responsibility and clear different activities between boys and girls.
Social and emotional development begins by showing affection and becoming attached to parents or carers and becoming what we usually call ‘clingy’. Young children may become distressed when a parent leaves the room or is not in sight. Slightly older children may demand attention and use tantrums to get their own way. They will generally be easily distracted from unwanted behaviour.
*Social and emotional development: at this age the child becomes more independent and confident, they like to help adults, they start sharing with other children, and considering other people’s feelings.
3-7 year olds are developing their speech and become much more social. They ask lots of questions helping their development even more, talking in past, present and future tenses. Most children will be in a school or nursery and developing their skills in numeracy and literacy. They will be learning to read and will call on adults to help and for approval and praise.
At the age of 4 children's memory develops and they begin to remember a lot more for example songs and parts of favourite stories. Starts to problem solve wondering what will happen. Sorts objects into more complex groups.
Physical development 0-3 years they are able to feed themselves at the snack table. Nod or shake their heads to say if they want something. If playing shops they should be able to push the trolley and walk at the same time. Be able to kick a ball independently. Showing control when pouring milk/water into a cup. Start making lines and circles when scribbles during mark making. Making bigger towers.
Social/Cultural: In this stage the child develop a sense of self and a sense of belonging to a family. They begin interacting with other children and they also play in stages (playing alone, playing near others but not really playing with them, not wanting to share, playing and sharing, and playing with a purpose). This stage is also were the child also learn to respect the rights and feelings of others.
In this assignment I will be covering the assignment criteria for Unit 5 which is the principles underpinning the role of the practitioner working with children.
Most children around the ages of four and five years of age, begin to develop greater independence of self-control, and creativity. They begin to play with their toys for a long period of time. They are eager to try new things, and when they get frustrated, they are able to show their emotions quickly. Although children grow and develop at their own pace, they will more than likely achieve the following developmental milestones before he or she turns 6 years old.
Social development is one of the most significant aspects of a childs life, for they can not live with out social interaction, the moment they are born they are being interacted with, typically social development happens to everyone throughout their life, with the rare cases of adults becoming hermits, there is no escape from developing socially to fit in with those around you, or to stand out.