Classical Theory : Classical Organization Theory

2124 Words9 Pages
Classical Organization Theory It is difficult to trace when organizational structure began. It does mark an origin of commerce among Muslims, Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans (Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2011). Classical Organization theory is the traditional phase for other schools of organization theory are built upon. It is the most important basic step of how, why, when, who and where organization theory originated and other theorists are able to evolve higher levels of organizational theories due to world complexity in diversity of cultures, commerce, politics, and societal changes. Over the years the classical school remained the fore front of all school of organization theory from 1491 BC well into 1930, an even into the present day. These theories are expanded and matured throughout history as the industrial revolution progressed around the world and in the United States, it brought about changes to jobs, work conditions, and more specialized professionals in mechanical engineering, car manufacturing, and other frontline working jobs. Organizational theory was tended for a rational structuring with singular goals with efficient production of work with effective controls and standardization of people under the authority of a single organizational manager (Shafritz, Ott, & Jang, 2011). There are four reasons for organizations to exist as stated by Shafritz, Ott, and Jang (1) is to accomplish production-related and economic goals; (2) there is a one best way to organize for
Open Document