Compare And Contrast Freud And Erikson

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Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory Freud’s psychosexual theory is the psychological maturity in childhood takes place in cycle of fixed stages. According to him development took place fixed sequence and can result in either successful completion or a healthy personality or can result in failure leading to unhealthy personality. He believed that the human personalityconsisted of three inter working parts the Id, the ego, and superego. According to his theory these parts become joined as a child works through the five stages of his theory and they are Oral, Anal, Phallic,…show more content…
Erikson believed that his Ali Fazal, 5707, 765Asg 1 psychosocial principle is genetically inevitable inshaping human development. It occurs in all people. Retrieve from (Saul McLeod published 2008, updated 2013). Similarities of Freud and Erikson Erikson's theory followed Freud's and was based on many of Freud's ideas. Because of this, the two theories have similarities. Both theorists recognize the importance of the unconscious on development. They also both separate development into stages of a person's life and use similar age divisions for these developmental stages. Differences of Freud and Erikson However, there are several differences that exist between the names of the stages and the developmental issues that are meeting during each; Part of the motive for this is that each psychologist has his own unique vision of what drives a person's development. Freud's psychosexual theory highlights the importance of basic needs and biological forces, while Erikson's psychosocial theory is based upon social and environmental factors. Erikson…show more content…
Freud believed that an individual’s identity developed during adolescence. Erikson believed, however, that an individual’s identity developed and evolved throughout a person’s life. Unlike Freud’s thoughts that maturation had an important role, Erikson placed more importance to the cultural
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