Components Of Specific Learning Disabilities

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Specific Learning Disabilities
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Specific Learning Disabilities
Part One
Disability Components According to IDEA Students with specific learning disabilities usually have challenges in acquiring reading and language skills. According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), a child may be determined to have specific learning disability only if he/she is found to have a discrepancy in oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression, basic reading skill, reading comprehension, and reading fluency skills (Kranzler, & Floyd, 2013). Therefore, according to the IDEA (2004), it is important for special education teachers and administrators, as well as regular …show more content…

The third disability component according to IDEA is reading fluency. Reading fluency is the ability of the student to recognize and express text accurately, rapidly, and quickly with very little attention paid to the appearance of the word (Wendling, & Mather, 2013). Fluency is an important component in reading as it acts as the bridge between the recognition and comprehension of words. The ability to read fluently is one of the primary objective of elementary students (Swanson, Harris, & Graham, 2014). Those who, despite considerable instruction, cannot read fluently have learning disability and should therefore be assisted. Oral expression, on the flip side, is the ability of a student to express personal needs, ideas, and thoughts in a meaningful manner using various language structures. Many people confuse oral expression with reading fluently or reading out loud but these are all very distinct components. Oral expression is an important component of learning as it is a primary means through which students participate in all subjects. Listening comprehension and written expression are the last two disability components. Listening comprehension is the ability of a student to remember and comprehend information that has been presented orally. It is a broad concept that encompasses many different processes that are utilized by individuals in making sense of, and

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