Qualitative Research Assignment
1. Was there a clear statement of the aims of the research ?
Yes. In the article, the aim of the research was to understand the experience of participants, their knowledge about type 2 diabetes, and the factors of medication adherence in Malaysia. According to Susan (2010), the five components of PICOT are population, issue, context, outcome, and time. According to Al-Qazaz et al (2011), the PICOT was presented by the researcher in the study were,
P: Type 2diabetes patients with receiving of hypoglycemic medication.
I: Identifying participants’ perception, and their knowledge about type 2 diabetes disease and medication.
C: USM clinic of Malaysia, where the study took place.
O: It helps people living …show more content…
It would be better if the researcher use purpose sampling into the study.Purpose sampling is to choose participants based on specific purposes, and it is primarily used in qualitative research (Polit and Beck, 2012). it can achieve representativeness of the population and provide credibility of the result, because the researcher will not only focus on one clinic during recruitment of participants.
5. Were the data collected in a way that addressed the research issues ?
Yes.A semi-structured interview was developed for data collecting of the research. Semi-structured interview is a paper-based interview guide which contain open-ended questions and the participant to follows (RWJF,2008). Moreover,Semi-structured interview provide rich, detailed information in the phenomenon study (Polit and Beck, 2012). In the study, the researcher has described in-depth interview to explore patients’ beliefs and experiences. Besides, a consent form was signed by participants before interview, a direct tell phone contact for arranging a time of interview. Further more, all the interview has been audiotaped, and the researcher did line by line analysis and coding the data to identify the key themes. The researcher interpreted to the participants who could not understand English during the
Qualitative research seeks to answer the “why” and not the “how” of the research project that is being conducted, this is done through a complex system of analyzing unstructured information such as survey’s , questionnaires, interviews, interview transcripts, open end survey’s, focus groups, observations, emails, notes, video’s, feed back forms and photo’s; most of the time a qualitative report won’t depend on statistical evidence alone it must be accompanied by detailed facts and proven facts and not hypotheses or in accurate data, this can lead to misunderstanding of data findings and can through the whole aim of the research project off and waste valuable time.
The researchers remained objective by basing their research on a template of sub elements that have high and low indicators that would lead to a successful implementation of evidence into practice. The study targets specific patients who have been exposed to risk factors, as well as addresses health equity, staff resources, and diagnostic services. The researchers used great discretion in the collection of data. The topics presented were referred to with code names in order to prevent the incitation of any biased reactions.
I agree with your posting that when dealing with a larger population obtaining participants can be a very time consuming process and it needs to be taken in account for when performing your population selection. If we are surveying a certain element of a reportable disease process I wonder if using the local county infectious disease data would be possible.
Inclusion Criteria - The interviewees were randomly selected based on their length of employment and role in the clinic
The stated purpose of the article was to evaluate not only pain control in adolescents who underwent a spinal fusion, but also the emotional/psychological and physical affect it had on them. Another stated purpose was to uncover the pre-operation education and preparedness for the surgery. Is it enough to prepare
Quantitive and qualitative studies in research are an important aspect of the nursing profession. Researching and reviewing quantitive and qualitative articles is a process of systematic examination of materials to enhance, validate and learn new knowledge (Schmidt and Brown, 2012, p. 67). As Schmidt and Brown (2012) state, quantitive research design is used to predict relationships and explain relationships and causality whereas qualitative research design gives meaning to events of phenomenon’s (p.72). The purpose of this paper is to identify and
For a researcher to have a successful research project depends on how well the research question is formulated based on problems faced on a day to day research activities and clinical practice (Aslam & Emmanuel, 2010). Using PICOT method to assemble a research question is a must to be able to identify the problem needing correction. PICOT is broken down into the population (P), current intervention (I), compared to new or old intervention (C), the desired outcome (O), and time frame if applicable (T). The underlying question in a PICOT question must provide information to decide whether the topic is relevant, researchable, and significant. The five possible PICOT question for research
Demographic and disease related characteristics composed of 17 yes/no questions for assessment of common diabetes related complications. Barriers to diabetes self-management composed of 15 questions on a four point scale of measurement. A higher score means greater perceived barriers to self-care behavior. Social support was measured using the diabetes support scale. It was a 12 question, seven point scale. A higher score indicated a higher level of social support. The Korean version of the diabetes family behavior checklist was used to measure family support. Higher scores indicated higher levels of family support. The diabetes self-efficiency scale is a ten point scale, a higher score meant higher level of confidence in diabetes self-care behaviors. In order to measure the depression level, they used the Korean version of the Centre for Epidemiologic studies depression scale. It was a four point scale consisting of twenty items for measuring the frequency of feeling depressed for the past week. A higher score, showed a higher level of depression. Diabetes self-management behavior was collected using the Korean version of the Summary of the diabetes self-care activities questionnaires. This is a seven point scale consisting of seventeen items. Once again a higher total indicates a higher level of performance. The health related quality of life was measured by the audit of diabetes
Multifactorial risk reduction interventions can have a superior effect on risk reduction plans compared to single intervention risk reduction strategies. The use of these multifactorial risk reduction interventions has resulted in improved outcomes for problems involving the geriatric population (Colon-Emeric et al., 2013). Unfortunately, attempts to train nursing home staff to implement multifactorial risk reduction interventions have not typically been successful (Colon-Emeric et al., 2013).
In this assignment, various research with regards to different agendas will be discussed and broken down into the approaches that were conducted and the results of these researches. The first study that will be analyzed will be; Factors Involved in Recovery from Schizophrenia: A Qualitative study of Thai Mental Health Nurses. The authors for this research study were; Kaewprom, Chettha; Curtis, Janette; Deane, Frank P. The main point of this study was to investigate international methods, such as those conducted in Thailand and compare and contrast them with American psychiatric approaches in order to improve the
The perceptions of being restrained for some intensive care unit (ICU) patients, may not be memorable, but for others, the experience can be traumatic (Clukey, Weyant, Roberts, & Henderson, 2014). Historically, patients were primarily restrained as a safety precaution or to prevent inadvertent tube and device removals (Zun, 2005). Hevener, Rickabaugh, and Marsh (2016) conducted a quantitative study centered on reducing the use of restraints by incorporating the use of a “decision support tool” (DST) (p. 479) to assist the clinical staff in deciding which patients may be appropriate to safely remain without restraints. The authors documented the study in an article entitled “Using a Decision
In conclusion, this essay was dealt about a critical appraisal of qualitative study using CASP tool. By doing this module as a nursing student, this helped the author of this essay, to understand the importance of using the critical appraisal in the clinical practice. It also made the student nurse aware, by practicing the critical skills will help to improve the professional standard of competence according to the NMC code (2016). In order to improve the skills in the nursing practice, the student nurse decided to use a structure for her critical frame work, maintaining a reflective diary, and use the up to date evidence in the practice.
A qualitative study delves into a social or human problem in hopes to formulate a theory about that phenomenon. Paterson et al. (2005) performed a qualitative study that formulated a theory on how male nursing students learn to care. The researchers discovered how and what aspects perpetuated males to learn to care for patients empathetically while in nursing school. This paper will critique the above study noted and provide rationales.
CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND NARRATIVE REVIEW RELATED TO COMPUTERISED PHYSICIAN ORDER ENTRY SYSTEM
This study did not all unfold in the field. For continuation of the interviews they were asked questions through face to face or telephone calls depending on the participant’s convenience. This method still allowed the researcher to capitalize on any new or early understanding. It gives the researcher flexibility in asking questions to continue on the path that the participants take them in. The research does not show any evidence of reflexivity. The contact number was adequate to understand the phenomena.