Critically Evaluate the Classical and Human Relations Approaches of Management Theory

1679 Words Feb 7th, 2012 7 Pages
Critically evaluate the classical and human relations approaches of management theory.
Your essay must clearly define the term “management theory” and include industry examples to illustrate your answers.

In order to define the term management theory and to critically evaluate classical and human approaches it is also important to discuss what shaped the thinking of management theory development. In seeking to define management one must also define the word theory. Theory is defined in the Concise Oxford Dictionary, 9th edition, edited by Della Thompson as" a supposition or system of ideas explaining something".
On the other hand, Management definition is deemed to be broader in terms of its application. Several and well
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Example of accusations made against Taylor was, workers were treated effectively like machines, supposed to undertake task as instructed and to leave the thinking to others, concentration on production more than workers, loss of income should targeted production not be reached and the notion that workers are motivated to work harder through incentives such as “payment by results” .

Despite the controversies surrounding Taylor’s theory, Henry Ford was one of the industrialists to adopt Taylor’s ideas alongside the introduction of mechanization to produce ford model T cars in the 1930’s. Moreover as cited in Dilys Robinsons, Management Theorist, Thinkers of the 21st Century “Taylorism” as it is sometimes referred to exist for example in modern organizations such as McDonalds, service call centers and in production lines.

Administrative and Bureaucratic Organizational theory on the other hand attributed to Henri Fayol (1841-1925) and Max Weber (1864-1920) focused on the organization as whole, placing importance of how management should act.
Fayol’s ideas were based on his experience as a Manager and advocated that authority and responsibility was associated with top level managers. He saw managers based on their official authority, individual personality, intelligence and experience as having the right to give orders and obtain obedience.
Fayol laid out 14 principles of