Critique of Andy Pye’s The Internet of Things: Connecting the Unconnected
What the Internet of Things is and how it works
The internet of things (IoT) is comparable to the internet in how it provides communication connections over a large area public network. The internet is used to connect people to each other using device connections to a main stream network. The IoT is currently a conceptual construct of a network system working as a conduit to serve as a direct line of communication for multiple electrical operated objects. In theory if an object has an on/off toggle switch, then the object will eventually be able to be connected to the system. The purpose of the IoT is to provide a medium to connect electrical devices allowing them to work in unison in effort to improve the efficiency of their operations. Advanced algorithms drive these devices to complete complex decision making tasks in real time scenarios to improve the efficiency of their operations (Pye, 2014).
Conceptually the IoT is in the infancy stage, but the foundation for its realization has begun with the development of the Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). This upgrade from the Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) corrects the issue of limited Internet Protocol (IP) Addresses. By expanding the number of IP addresses available it ensures new objects will be able to connect and communicate over the vast network (Pye, 2014).
Advancements in the development of smart household automated networks and use of
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This paper gives a clear understanding on the current state of art on the IoT. The primary idea of the IoT concept is the pervasive existence around us of a wide range of things such as Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) tags, actuators, sensors, mobile phones, etc. These are able to communicate with each other and collaborate with their neighbors to reach collective goals through distinctive addressing scheme.
This growing internetwork of “things” comprise of physical objects with the capability to communicate in new ways—with each other, with their owners or operators, with their manufacturers or with others—to make people’s lives easier and enterprises more efficient and competitive. The possible use cases for IoT are extensive and growing by the day. Already, automobiles, household appliances, biomedical devices and other purpose-built devices are processing data, communicating with each other and performing other automated tasks, such as keeping themselves updated, notifying users of potential repair issues and tracking (and potentially scheduling automatically) routine service calls. Less predictable use cases include smart utensils that help to monitor eating habits, smart socks that measure pressure to help improve running performance and a
2. INTRODUCTION :Smart locks, smart cars — you’ve probably heard some of these terms lately, and you’re going to hear them even more as the year goes on. But what are these things exactly — and what makes them so smart? These devices are all part of an emerging category called the Internet of Things, or IoT for short. Internet of things refers to a concept that internet is no longer just a global network for people to communicate with one another using computers, but it is a platform for devices to communicate electronically with the world around them. It includes objects ranging from computers to washing machines and laptops to microwaves. It is based on a rule that “everything that can be connected should be connected”.
The IoT is a combination of wide variety of sensors, interfaces & connectivity and people with several processes. The IoT is a broad range of meshed interactions between sensors, connectivity with people and processes thus developing the smart, real-time and user-oriented applications and services.
The Internet of Things is a complex, innovative system rooted in the idea of connectivity. Individual artifacts that transmit data and information amongst each other ensure a smooth and coherent experience based off their ability to communicate through internet connection, sharing the same network to create incomparable efficiency and convenience. The Internet of Things is constantly developing to work in new areas and scenarios, further securing its essentiality in the domain of the technological future
The Internet of Things is being describe as being the new era of internet, another industrial revolution. It is estimated by Garner, an information technology research and advisory company, that by
Internet of Things (technology operations) is in its infancy. It is not fully developed and fragmented. Luis Galvez, director of Internet of the Federation of things, a group dedicated to offering companies together to accelerate the development of operating techniques, compares the current state of technology and the birth of the operations of the computer, indicating that businesses and consumers are learning what products can connect to the Internet, and now is the time to figure out what to do done with this technology.
The power of Internet grows drastically when people, data and things are interconnected through the Internet. Internet of Things aka IoT, is a network of things or objects implanted with sensors and other smart electronic devices which enables them to communicate with each other and other targets in the network through exchange of data.
“The Internet of Things(IoT) can be defined as physical objects that connect to the internet through embedded systems and sensors, interacting with it to generate meaningful results and convenience to the end-user community”.
To stay connected from any time and any where to any one, any thing and all the things in between is the sole job of the internet of things (IoT). The internet plays an important role in the modern lifestyle of almost all people around the world. From daily routine home chores to industrial means, everything is dependent on the internet either directly or indirectly in order to have network connectivity to each other. The Internet of things came to define several technologies that enable the use of wireless networks and smart sensors to communicate. The Internet of things allows things to be sensed and controlled remotely in wireless network infrastructure (Watts, & Porter, 1997).
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term used to describe the growing number of smart and connected products. It consists of physical things such as sensors which have the ability to collect and share data. Predictions suggest that over 30 billion smart and connected devices will be in use in the year 2020.
The Internet is a growing phenomenon, which has revolutionized the world. In a nutshell, it is a system of interconnected computer networks using a model set of protocols known as TCP/IP. These are, Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol respectively. Their function is to regulate the transmission and reception of data over this complex network that links billions of gadgets today (Wikipedia, 2016). In an article in Forbes Magazine, contributor Jacob Morgan reports of a finding by a research firm Gartner that about 26 billion devices will be connected to the internet by 2020. Everything is connected to the Internet now, including people and plants. This has led to the coining of a phrase, the Internet of Things. Morgan writes,
The Internet of Things is a growing network of everyday objects – from industrial machines to consumer goods – that can share information and complete tasks while you are busy with other activities, like work, sleep or exercise, as SAS states in their insights to define IoT. There is no agreed upon definition of IoT, rather it is so simply defined that any laymen can comprehend it. Internet of Things Global Standards Initiative defines -Internet of Things (IoT) as the network of physical objects or things embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data.
The long-standing ICT devices were linked to our Smartphones, Tablets, Laptops, etc. But evolution of technology is making ICT as a core of future Smart Cities - Smart transportation, Smart Homes, Smart offices, etc. Also connecting everything with Internet “Internet of things” is