Diabetes Essay

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which your body is unable to properly use and store glucose. Glucose backs up in the bloodstream causing your blood glucose or
"sugar" to rise too high.
There are two major types of diabetes, Type I and Type II. In Type I diabetes, your body completely stops producing any insulin, a hormone that lets your body use glucose found in foods for energy. People with Type I diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can happen at any age. In Type II diabetes, the body produces insulin, but not enough to properly convert food into energy. This form of
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You need to have an eating plan. You need to pay attention to how much you exercise, because exercise can help your body use insulin better to convert glucose into energy for cells. Everyone with Type
I diabetes, and some people with Type II diabetes, also need to take insulin injections. Some people with Type II diabetes take pills called "oral agents" which help their bodies produce more insulin and/or use the insulin it is producing better. Some people with Type II diabetes can control their disease with weight loss, diet and exercise alone and don't need any medication.
Everyone who has diabetes should be seen at least once every six months by a diabetes specialist. You should also be seen periodically by other members of a diabetes treatment team, including a diabetes nurse educator, and a diabetes dietitian educator who helps you develop a meal plan that works best for you. Ideally , you should also see an exercise physiologist for help in developing an exercise plan, and if you think you need it, a social worker, psychologist or other mental health professional for help with the stresses and challenges of living with a chronic disease. Everyone who has diabetes should have regular eye exams at least once a year by an ophthalmologist to make sure that any eye problems associated with diabetes are caught early, and treated before they become serious.
Also, people with
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