Domestic Violence, Maternal Depression, And Home Environment

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As seen in the previous studies, children living in domestic violent homes not only have to face the direct violence that is happening at the moment, but also have to face the indirect change that is brought after the violence has occurred. Using a sample of 100 women and their children ages 3-5, the study conducted by Huth-Bocks, Levendosky, and Semel (2001) examined maternal psychological functioning and its impact of the quality of the home environment in a domestic violent household. After observing these indirect variables, assessments were made to determine if domestic violence had indirect affects on children’s intellectual functioning (Huth-Bocks, Levendosky, & Semel, 2001). The three independent variables that were used in this study to determine the outcome (intellectual functioning) were: domestic violence, maternal depression, and home environment (Huth-Bocks, et al., 2001). The Severity of Violence Against Women Scales measured domestic violence from 0 to 3 (never, once, a few times, many times). The Beck Depression Inventory was used to measure the severity of maternal depression that women experienced due to the domestic violence. The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment was used to measure the quality of the home environment. Finally, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test—Revised (PPVT-R) was used to measure children’s receptive vocabulary along with the Block Design subtest of the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence—Revised
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